Edition 182 of Century Ireland with all the news from 100 years ago.

The main stories include:

Carson threatens return of Ulster Volunteers in militant Twelfth speech
Belfast, 13 July 1920 
Sir Edward Carson has delivered a stark threat to the British government that if they did nothing to protect Ulster from the machinations of Sinn Féin, then Unionists would take matters into their own hands.

Cartoon suggesting the government are turning a blind eye to the potential of the Twelfth of July marches to cause violence. Photo: Sunday Independent, 4 July 1920
Sunday Independent, 4 July 1920

Cartoon suggesting the government are turning a blind eye to the potential of the Twelfth of July marches to cause violence.


Belfast Corporation marks fourth anniversary of the Somme
Belfast, 2 July 1920 
Belfast Corporation has expressed its gratitude for the sacrifices of Ulster men at the Battle of the Somme in July 1916.

 
39 policemen murdered in first six months of 1920
Cork, 3 July 1920 
The Attorney General for Ireland, Denis Henry, yesterday told the House of Commons that 39 members of the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) and the Dublin Metropolitan Police (DMP) murdered in the first six months of 1920 with a further 70 injured.

King Street in Cork City, the site of a recent attack on a police barracks Photo: Cork Examiner, 1 July 1920
Cork Examiner, 1 July 1920

King Street in Cork City, the site of a recent attack on a police barracks.


De Valera denies misuse of funds and says Irish-America remains united
New York, 6 July 1920 
The President of Sinn Féin, Éamon de Valera has responded to criticisms directed at him in a leading Irish-American newspaper and he has denied that a rift has opened up between Sinn Féin and influential Irish-Americans.

Éamon de Valera (centre) with Judge Daniel Cohalan (left) and John Devoy, editor of the Gaelic American Photo: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

Éamon de Valera (centre) with Judge Daniel Cohalan (left) and John Devoy, editor of the Gaelic American.

 
RIC constables mutiny in Kerry over plans for military take-over
Listowel, 13 July 1920 
Rogue members of the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) have disobeyed a command that they hand over their barracks in Listowel, Co. Kerry to the British military.

Members of the Royal Irish Constabulary having their rifles inspected in Derry in 1913 Photo: Illustrated London News [London, England], 8 February 1913
Illustrated London News [London, England], 8 February 1913

Members of the Royal Irish Constabulary having their rifles inspected in Derry in 1913.

 
Is Irish speaking getting in the way of Irish writing?
Omagh, 7 July 1920 
The writer Alice Milligan has expressed the hope that a new generation of great writers will rise up out of the current ranks of the Gaelic speakers and students.

The banner of the Shan Van Vocht (an tSean Bhean Bhocht), the monthly literary magazine founded by Alice Milligan Photo: DigitalLibrary@Villanova University
DigitalLibrary@Villanova University

The banner of the Shan Van Vocht (an tSean Bhean Bhocht), the monthly literary magazine founded by Alice Milligan.


General responsible for Amritsar massacre defends his actions
Westminster, 9 July 1920 
British army general, Reginald Dyer, has defended his actions in Amritsar last April when he ordered British soldiers to open fire on an unarmed crowd, killing at least 379 people.

General Reginal Dyer Photo: Illustrated London News [London, England], 17 July 1920
General Reginal Dyer: Illustrated London News [London, England], 17 July 1920

 
Belfast Corporation marks fourth anniversary of the Somme
Belfast, 2 July 1920 
Belfast Corporation has expressed its gratitude for the sacrifices of Ulster men at the Battle of the Somme in July 1916.

 
James Cox selected as Democratic presidential candidate
San Francisco, 7 July 1920 
At the Democratic Convention in San Francisco yesterday, Governor James Cox, was selected as candidate to run for the forthcoming U.S. Presidential election.

James Cox (left) and his running mate Franklin D. Roosevelt, July 1920 Photo: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

James Cox (left) and his running mate Franklin D. Roosevelt, July 1920.

For more from Century Ireland, visit rte.ie/centuryireland