RTÉ Radio's 'World This Week' looks back at the beginnings of the campaign for change in Northern Ireland.

Presenter Kevin O'Kelly states the original aims of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA). NICRA was set up in February 1967 and was seen as a decisive step in the campaign for change in Northern Ireland. The aims of this association included: defining the basic rights of all citizens; to protect the rights of the individual; to highlight all possible abuses of power; to demand guarantees for freedom of speech; and to inform the public of their lawful rights.

Austin Currie recalls the use of civil disobedience to highlight discrimination. Protests went from occupying a council house to marching to Dungannon. Currie talks about the themes of non-violent protests and the move to more militant approaches. It was hoped that such protests would put pressure on the unions to give in to the nationalist and Catholic demands.

In July 1968, these new methods of protest prompted a statement from Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill, who disregards the efforts of the nationalists to highlight the inequalities that exist.