18 June 1989 was a hot summer's day in Ireland. Some 50,000 pioneers gathered in Knock to celebrate the centenary year of the Holy Offering, a prayer written by Fr James Cullen, founder of the Pioneer Total Abstinence Association.

18 June 1989 was a hot summer's day in Ireland. Some 50,000 pioneers gathered in Knock to celebrate the centenary year of the Holy Offering, a prayer written by Fr James Cullen, founder of the Pioneer Total Abstinence Association. Reciting the Holy Offering is central to being a pioneer, along with abstinence from alcohol. According to reporter Kieron Wood, the only drink available at Knock that day was Adam's ale.

This RTÉ News report includes some of Bishop Cahal Daly's speech warning of the problems caused alcohol."Why has the government been so pussy-footed in its attitude to the drink problem?" he asks.

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