The Twelfth of July is marked with Orange Order parades and bonfires across Northern Ireland.
The Twelfth of July is an Ulster Protestant celebration, when members of the Orange Order commemorate the victory of Protestant King William of Orange over Catholic King James II at the Battle of the Boyne on 12 July 1690.
The Orange Order was founded in 1795 by James Wilson, Daniel Winter and James Sloan in Loughgall, County Armagh, to uphold the ideals of the Protestant Ascendency.
In the weeks leading up to the 12th of July streets in towns and villages across Northern Ireland are decorated with Union Jack flags and bunting. During that time parades with marching bands are held by members of the Orange Order across Northern Ireland and also in the Republic of Ireland where Orange Lodges are established, culminating on 12 July.
Orangemen wear distinctive bowler hats while marching, along with white gloves and orange collarettes, usually over a suit and tie. Bands have colourful uniforms and are accompanied by large banners and flags.
Bonfires are lit on the 'Eleventh Night', the night before the Twelfth, in remembrance of the campfires of King William's troops the night preceding the Battle of the Boyne.
Many parades are viewed by the Catholic nationalist community as contentious and tensions arise when parades pass by community boundaries in nationalist areas, who perceive them to be sectarian and triumphalist.
This RTÉ News footage shows children playing at a bonfire, British soldiers maintaining a presence in a residential area, and a parade passing through the main street of a town in Northern Ireland.
An RTÉ News report broadcast on 12 July 1975. This report has natural sound only.