Intensive aerial search for MH370 has ended

Wednesday 30 April 2014 21.47
Most of the aircraft involved in the search have left the area
Most of the aircraft involved in the search have left the area

The intensive aerial search for surface wreckage from Flight MH370 officially ended today.

The hunt is being drastically scaled back with ships also moving out of the remote Indian Ocean area where the plane is believed to have gone down.

Australian authorities said the focus would transition "over the coming weeks" to a more intensified undersea search.

They are trying to find out what happened to the Malaysia Airlines flight that disappeared on 8 March with 239 people aboard.

Eight nations have been involved in the search of unprecedented scale: Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Japan, South Korea, the United States, Britain and China.

More than 300 sorties have flown across a vast expanse of remote ocean looking for debris.

But with nothing to show for their efforts from scanning more than 4.5 million sq.km from the air since 18 March, the planes have been stood down.

"Most of the aircraft will have left by the end of today," a spokesman for the Australian-led Joint Agency Coordination Centre told AFP, although an Australian P-3 Orion would remain on standby in Perth.

The US, Japan, New Zealand and Malaysia all confirmed that their aircraft were returning to base.

There was no immediate word today from China, which accounted for most of the passengers on board.

As many as 14 ships from Australia, China and Britain were also involved in scanning the ocean surface for debris or black box signals but many of these are also pulling out.

"Some need to head back to port and refuel and give the crew a rest, others will go back to doing what they were doing for their respective nations before they joined the search," the spokesman said.

"In essence, the surface search has been scaled back. We will keep a few vessels out there and others on standby, but the large-scale air and sea search has ended."

On Monday, Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott announced the focus would shift to an expanded underwater search across a huge swathe of seabed where the plane might have crashed.

He admitted it was now "highly unlikely" that any surface wreckage would be found.

A US Navy submersible Bluefin-21 has been scouring a zone centred around one of the transmissions believed to have come from the plane's black box flight recorders before their batteries died.

But it too has failed to find anything, with poor weather hampering efforts today.

Meanwhile, search coordinators have dismissed a private company's claim that wreckage it found in the Bay of Bengal should be investigated.

The Bay of Bengal is located between India and Burma, thousands of miles from the current search area.

The wreckage was reported by Australian geophysical survey company GeoResonance.