As 2020 draws to a close, RTÉ News takes a look at seven ways in which the Irish and global economy was changed fundamentally this year.

The pandemic has presented one of the greatest challenges imaginable for Irish businesses - but it has also sparked a huge amount of imagination and resilience around the country.

Changing direction in business - the fabled 'pivot' - is never easy. Before 2020, asking firms to do so in a matter of days may have seemed impossible.

But alongside the struggles of the early days of the first lockdown, there were also multiple inspiring stories of companies and entrepreneurs that were finding ways to keep going.

For some, this was driven by a sense of national spirit - with distillers and others adapting production lines to turn out the hand sanitiser that was in such short supply in the early weeks.

Or the companies that began producing personal protective equipment and masks to try to help frontline workers stay safe as they came face-to-face with the virus.

Other entrepreneurs helped to ensure they were well-fed while doing so

Elsewhere, many firms sought to keep their existing sales ticking over, albeit in a different way than before - adding online sales and click and collect services overnight.

Some even went the extra mile and became their own courier service - taking their products directly to their customers' doors in order to keep revenue coming in.

Meanwhile many other firms showed their innovative spirit by creating completely new products and services that allowed them to stay afloat during the lockdown.

Some restaurants transformed themselves into takeaways, while others built cook-at-home dinner boxes to sell online. Conferences went remote, everyone from make-up artists to mixologists set-up online classes and food firms found ways for people to stay in touch from a distance.