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  • 900g (2lb) plain white flour
  • 175g (6oz) butter
  • Pinch of salt
  • 50g (2oz) caster sugar
  • 3 heaped teaspoons baking powder
  • Rind of one orange
  • 3 free-range eggs
  • 450ml (15fl oz) approximately full cream milk to mix (not low-fat milk)
  • Egg wash (see method below)
  • 50g (2oz) granulated sugar for top of scones

For the Orange Butter:

  • 3 tsp finely grated orange rind
  • 175g (6oz) butter
  • 200g (7oz) icing sugar


  1. Preheat the oven 250ºC/475ºF/Gas Mark 9.
  2. First, make the Orange Butter by creaming the butter with the finely grated orange rind. Add the sifted icing sugar and beat until fluffy.
  3. Sieve the flour into a large wide bowl, add a pinch of salt, the baking powder and caster sugar.
  4. Grate the rind of one orange on the finest part of the grater over the dry ingredients in the bowl. Mix the dry ingredients with your hands, lift up to incorporate air and mix thoroughly.
  5. Cut the butter into cubes, toss well in the flour and then with the tips of your fingers, rub in the butter until it resembles large flakes.
  6. Make a well in the centre. Whisk the eggs with the milk, pour all at once into the centre. With the fingers of your 'best hand' outstretched and stiff, mix in a full circular movement from the centre to the outside of the bowl. This takes just seconds and hey presto, the scone dough is made.
  7. Sprinkle some flour on the work surface. Turn out the dough onto the floured board. Scrape the dough off your fingers and wash and dry your hands at this point. Tidy around the edges, flip over and roll or pat gently into a rectangle about 2cm (¾ inch) thick.
  8. Spread the soft orange butter over the surface. Roll up lengthwise and cut into pieces about 3cm (1¼ inch) thick.
  9. Make the egg wash by whisking one egg thoroughly with about a dessertspoon of milk. This is brushed over the scones to help them brown in the oven.
  10. Brush the tops with egg wash and dip the tops only in granulated sugar. Put onto a baking sheet fairly close together.
  11. Bake in a preheated oven for 10-12 minutes or until golden brown on top.