The Budget is like a painting – framed by how much the Government has to spend and viewed very differently by everyone.

Yesterday's €4.7 billion calculations, €1.5 billion of which is new spending commitments or tax changes, allow us to picture how State, personal and business finances will add up for 2022 and beyond.

The key Budget points are outlined here …



Social welfare


  • New 3% Zoned Land Tax (based on market price of land) to encourage the use of land for building homes, it will apply to land which is zoned suitable for residential development and is serviced, but has not been developed for housing
  • Help-to-buy scheme will continue throughout 2022
  • €174 million for supporting the direct delivery of over 4,000 affordable homes next year
  • Commitment to an additional 14,000 Housing Assistance Payment (HAP) tenancies and a further 800 Rental Accommodation Scheme (RAS) tenancies

Climate measures

  • Carbon tax will rise by €7.50 per tonne to €41
  • Petrol and diesel costs will increase from midnight tonight, with a 60 litre tank of petrol costing approx €1.28 extra while the same amount of diesel will be €1.48 more - all other fuels will have the increase applied from 1 May 2022
  • €5,000 relief for Battery Electric Vehicles until 2023
  • Changes to Vehicle Registration Tax ranging from 1% increase for vehicles that fall between bands 9-12 to 4% for those in bands 16-20
  • Accelerated Capital Allowance scheme for gas and hydrogen powered vehicles and refuelling equipment extended for three years
  • €202 million fund for people to improve the energy efficiency of their homes in 2022

Childcare and Family

  • Maternity benefit and parental leave payments to be increased by €5 per week
  • Parent's Benefit extended by 2 weeks to 7 weeks from July next year
  • Back to School Clothing and Footwear Allowance increased by €10
  • Children up to the age of 15 will be included in the universal payment under the National Childcare Scheme (NCS). It provides 50c per hour towards the cost of a Tusla-registered childcare place for a maximum of 45 hours per week
  • Hours spent in pre-school or school will no longer be deducted from the entitlement to NCS subsidised hours
  • New funding stream for up to 4,700 early years and childcare providers will be put in place from September 2022 onwards to support improvements in the quality of childcare provision


  • Average teacher pupil ratio in primary schools is expected to be reduced from 25 to 24 pupils due to hiring 350 extra teachers
  • 980 additional special education teachers and 1,165 additional Special Needs Assistants
  • €50 million in ICT grants for primary and post primary schools
  • Funding for 200 school building projects
  • €30 million for the school transport scheme
  • €18 million to expand DEIS programme and €4 million to extend hot schools meals to more DEIS primary schools
  • Maintenance grant for Third Level students will be increased by €200, qualifying income thresholds expanded by €1,000 and qualifying distance reduced from 45km to 30km
  • €200 contribution fee for post-Leaving Certificate courses abolished
  • Creation of 20,000 new further education and training places

Public services and Infrastructure

  • Additional 800 gardaí and 400 civilian staff to be recruited
  • 20% increase in the Garda Mountain Bike unit
  • Funding for the establishment of the Gambling Regulatory Authority
  • €100 million to be made available for disability services
  • €2 million fund to assist community safety projects will also be established
  • €30 million for protection and renewal of roads
  • Over €1.4 billion to further develop public transport networks


  • Free GP care to be extended to children aged six and seven years of age
  • Free contraception for women aged 17-25 from next August
  • The maximum amount someone will pay for approved prescribed medicine under the Drugs Repayment Scheme will be cut from €114 a month to €100
  • €10.5 million has been provided for 19 additional critical care beds in 2022, bringing the total ICU beds next year to 340
  • €250 million to address waiting lists
  • €30 million for the Department of Health to provide further supports for areas hard hit by the pandemic - palliative care, mental health and disability services

Covid supports

  • Employment Wage Subsidy Scheme will remain in place, in a graduated format, until 30 April, 2022 - the scheme will close to new employers from 1 January, 2022


Travel & Tourism, Arts & Culture

  • New Youth Travel Card will offer a 50% discount to those aged between 19 and 23 across the transport network
  • €360 million allocated to boost Active Travel and Greenways
  • €40 million to market Ireland overseas as a tourist destination
  • €25 million for live entertainment supports
  • Pilot basic income guarantee scheme for artists
  • Over €60 million to extend the commercial rates waiver for quarter four targeted at the hospitality, arts and certain tourism related sectors
  • €90 million for an aviation package to help Ireland rebuild connectivity


  • Excise duty on a packet of 20 cigarettes rises by 50 cent, with a pro-rata increase on other tobacco products

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