Dozens of Iranians in Ireland protested outside Leinster House this morning calling on the Irish Government to stand in solidarity with demonstrators in Iran.
Iran carried out its first known execution today over the protests that have shaken the regime since September, sparking an international outcry and warnings from rights groups that more hangings are imminent.
Mohsen Shekari, 23, had been convicted and sentenced to death for blocking a street and wounding a paramilitary during the early phase of the protests, after a legal process denounced as a show trial by rights groups.
Activists here called on the Irish Government to expel Iran's ambassador to Ireland to list the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corp as a terrorist organisation and to strongly condemn the violent crackdown on activists in the Dáil.
Minister for Foreign Affairs and Defence Simon Coveney said there will be a "strong statement" coming from EU foreign ministers when they meet on Monday.
"Next week, you will see the EU taking strong and unified action expanding sanctions to more entities," Mr Coveney said.
"This is unfortunately another example of a brutal response to legitimate protest.
"The EU has already made decisions on two different sanctions packages, but will add to it and there will be a strong statement coming collectively from the EU on Monday in response to what we are seeing in Iran."
Demonstrators also asked TDs to call for the immediate release of all imprisoned human rights defenders and political prisoners in Iran.
They said this would send an "important message of solidarity to the courageous Iranians who are exercising their rights peacefully".
Amnesty International called the ongoing court cases "sham trials".
Speaking to RTÉ News, one senior Amnesty campaigner on Iran said the organisation is "extremely alarmed" about ongoing trials.
Nassim Papayianni pointed to Mr Shekari’s case.
"For instance, they say he was arrested on 25 September," she said.
"His death sentence was handed down on 20 November.
"It's not possible to have meaningful investigations, reviews, defence, all of this taking place in such a short period of time."
She claimed that Iranian authorities are "resorting to the use of death penalty as a tool of political repression".
"Executing Mohsen Shekari today, but also others who are at risk of facing death sentences is to instill fear among the public in a desperate attempt for them to cling to cling to power", Ms Papayianni said.
At least a dozen other people are currently at risk of execution after being sentenced over the protests in recent weeks, human rights groups warned.
Demonstrations have swept Iran for nearly three months since Iranian Kurdish woman Mahsa Amini, 22, died after her arrest by the morality police in Tehran for an alleged breach of the country's strict hijab dress code for women.
The protests, described by the authorities as "riots", are posing the biggest challenge to the Islamic republic since it was established following the ouster of the shah in 1979.
"Mohsen Shekari, a rioter who blocked Sattar Khan Street in Tehran on September 25 and wounded one of the security guards with a machete, was executed this morning," the judiciary's Mizan Online website said.
Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, director of Oslo-based group Iran Human Rights (IHR), urged a strong international reaction, warning that otherwise "we will face mass execution of protesters".
"Mohsen Shekari was executed after a hasty and unfair trial without a lawyer," he said, adding it had been carried out a mere 75 days after his arrest.
Iran's Fars news agency carried a video report of Shekari talking about the attack while in detention, which IHR described as a "forced confession" with his face "visibly injured".
Western governments echoed the anger of the rights groups.
"The Iranian regime's contempt for human life is boundless," German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock tweeted, describing the legal process as a "perfidious summary trial".
But she added: "The threat of execution will not suffocate the will for freedom."
"This execution comes on top of other serious and unacceptable violations," said French foreign ministry spokeswoman Anne-Claire Legendre.
UK Foreign Secretary James Cleverly said he was "outraged" and added: "The world cannot turn a blind eye to the abhorrent violence committed by the Iranian regime against its own people."
Outraged by the tragic news of the first execution of a protestor in Iran.— James Cleverly🇬🇧 (@JamesCleverly) December 8, 2022
The world cannot turn a blind eye to the abhorrent violence committed by the Iranian regime against its own people.
The UK is opposed to the death penalty in all circumstances.
The revolutionary court in Tehran heard Mr Shekari had been arrested after striking the member of the Basij paramilitary force in the shoulder with the blade, an injury that required 13 stitches, Mizan Online said.
The Basij is a state-sanctioned volunteer force that is linked to Iran's powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.
The judiciary said Shekari was found guilty of fighting and drawing a weapon "with the intention of killing, causing terror and disturbing the order and security of society".
It convicted him of "moharebeh" - or waging "war against God" under Iran's Islamic sharia law - on 1 November, said Mizan, adding he appealed the ruling but the supreme court upheld it on 20 November.
Iran executes more people annually than any nation other than China. IHR said this week it had already executed over 500 people in 2022, a sharp jump on last year's figure.
The 1500tasvir protest monitor said on social media that the execution of Mr Shekari had happened with such haste that his family had still been waiting to hear the outcome of the appeal.
The largely peaceful protest movement has been marked by actions included removing and burning headscarves in the streets, chanting anti-government slogans and confronting the security forces.
In a relatively new tactic, protest supporters staged three days of nationwide strikes up to yesterday which closed down shops in several major cities including Tehran, according to rights groups.
The security forces have responded with a crackdown that has killed at least 458 people, including 63 children, according to an updated death toll issued by IHR on Wednesday.
A court on Tuesday sentenced five more people to death by hanging for killing a member of the Basij, bringing to 11 the number of people in Iran sentenced to death in connection with the protests, according to IHR.
Freedom of expression group Article 19 said urgent action was needed "as the lives of others on death row in relation to the uprising are in imminent danger".
Superstar Iranian actor Taraneh Alidoosti, a strong supporter of the protest movement, wrote on Instagram that "every international organisation who is watching this bloodshed and not taking action, is a disgrace to humanity."
Prior to the latest execution, Amnesty had said at least 28 people, including three children aged under 18, could face the death penalty in connection with the nationwide protests.