Background to the Caledon Protest

EXHIBITION : CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 1968-69

About this Item

RTÉ's 'Eye Witness' programme looks back at the Caledon protest in a 1979 studio discussion.

  • Title
    Civil Rights Campaign
  • 1st Broadcast
    16/05/1979
  • Contributor
    Tom Savage (Presenter)
  • Clip Duration
    00:04:00
  • Material Type
    Video
  • Series title
    Eye Witness
  • Clip title
    Background to the Caledon Protest
  • Extended description

    In this extract, presenter Tom Savage gives the background to Northern Ireland in 1968, the lead-up to Caledon and the beginnings of civil disobedience as a form of protest.

    Tom Savage talks about "feared abbreviations" that have emerged in the language of Northern Ireland such as UDA, UVF, and PROVO, which didn’t exist 12 years previously. He also talks about the notion of "pre-ordained politics" amongst unionists and nationalists.

    This report provides the background to the Caledon protest and the resulting civil unrest.

    In June 1968, a Catholic family were evicted from a house in Caledon in Co. Tyrone, where they had been squatting. On the 13th of the month, a 19 year old single girl was moved into the house next door. She was a Protestant and secretary to a Unionist politician.

    All hell broke loose and Austin Currie made a claim of blatant discrimination and took the case through all the proper channels but achieved nothing. In Stormont, John Taylor MP, strongly defended the actions of the council and in the course of a stormy session, Austin Currie was ordered by the speaker to leave the house. In protest, Currie went back to the council house in Caledon and occupied it with two friends until they were evicted by police in a barrage of publicity.

    This affair created ripples with a protest march planned with the support of the Campaign for Social Justice and the Civil Rights Association. Currie argued that if justice was not forthcoming, then it might be time to resort to civil disobedience. Eddie McAteer, leader of the Nationalist Party, warned at Stormont that the incident at Caledon could lead to further civil unrest.

  • Information

    An ‘Eye Witness’ special on the Caledon protest. This programme was presented by Tom Savage and was broadcast on 16 May 1979.

    11 years following the beginnings of the civil rights movement, 'Eye Witness' takes a look back at the events. The Northern Ireland civil rights movement had its beginnings in the predominantly Protestant village of Caledon, Co. Tyrone.

    'Eye Witness' was a series of five programmes in 1979 dealing with events of importance to Ireland. The programme was compiled from old film, stills, newspaper cuttings and eye-witness accounts, as well as an in-studio discussion.

    The accompanying image features Tom Savage on the set of 'Eye Witness' on 16 May 1979.

  • Local keywords
    Caledon Protest, Civil Rights Movement, Austin Currie, Tom Savage, John Taylor, Campaign for Social Justice, Civil Rights Association, Stormont, Caledon, Tyrone, Eye Witness, Civil Rights, 1968
  • Geographical coverage
    Ireland, Caledon, Dungannon, Tyrone
  • Topic
    Wars and Conflict
  • Publisher Broadcaster
    RTÉ
  • First broadcast channel
    RTÉ One
  • Production year
    1979
  • Country of production
    Ireland
  • Original identifier
    DLX/00444
  • IPR restrictions
    Rights Reserved - Free Access
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  • Item type
    part/extract
  • Item colour
    Colour
  • Item sound
    Mono
  • Aspect ratio
    4:3
  • Language used
    English (eng)
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