Michael Flynn and other advisers to Donald Trump’s campaign were in contact with Russian officials and others with Kremlin ties in at least 18 calls and emails during the last seven months of the 2016 presidential race, according to sources.
The previously undisclosed interactions form part of the record now being reviewed by FBI and congressional investigators investigating Russian interference in the US presidential election and contacts between Mr Trump’s campaign and Russia.
Six of the previously undisclosed contacts described to Reuters by current and former US officials familiar with the exchanges, were phone calls between Sergei Kislyak, Russia's ambassador to the United States, and Trump advisers, including Mr Flynn, Trump’s first national security adviser.
Conversations between Mr Flynn and Mr Kislyak accelerated after the 8 November vote as the two discussed establishing a back channel for communication between Mr Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin that could bypass the US national security bureaucracy, which both sides considered hostile to improved relations, four current US officials said.
In January, the Trump White House initially denied any contacts with Russian officials during the 2016 campaign.
The White House and advisers to the campaign have since confirmed four meetings between Mr Kislyak and Trump advisers during that time.
The people who described the contacts to Reuters said they had seen no evidence of wrongdoing or collusion between the campaign and Russia in the communications reviewed so far.
But the disclosure could increase the pressure on Mr Trump and his aides to provide the FBI and Congress with a full account of interactions with Russian officials and others with links to the Kremlin during and immediately after the 2016 election.
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The White House did not respond to requests for comment.
Mr Flynn's lawyer declined to comment.
In Moscow, a Russian foreign ministry official declined to comment on the contacts and referred Reuters to the Trump administration.
Separately, a spokesman for the Russian embassy in Washington said: "We do not comment on our daily contacts with the local interlocutors".
The 18 calls and electronic messages took place between April and November 2016 as hackers engaged in what US intelligence concluded in January was part of a Kremlin campaign to discredit the vote and influence the outcome of the election in favour of Mr Trump over his Democratic challenger Hillary Clinton.
Those discussions focused on mending US-Russian economic relations strained by sanctions imposed on Moscow, cooperating in fighting the so-called Islamic State in Syria and containing a more assertive China, the sources said.
Members of the Senate and House intelligence committees have gone to the CIA and the National Security Agency to review transcripts and other documents related to contacts between Trump campaign advisers and associates and Russian officials and others with links to Mr Putin, people with knowledge of those investigations told Reuters.
The US Justice Department said yesterday it had appointed former FBI Director Robert Mueller as special counsel to investigate alleged Russian meddling in the US presidential campaign and possible collusion between Trump’s campaign and Russia.
Mr Mueller will now take charge of the FBI investigation that began last July.
Mr Trump and his aides have repeatedly denied any collusion with Russia.
In addition to the six phone calls involving Mr Kislyak, the communications described to Reuters involved another 12 calls, emails or text messages between Russian officials or people considered to be close to Putin and Trump campaign advisers.
One of those contacts was by Viktor Medvedchuk, a Ukrainian oligarch and politician, according to one person with detailed knowledge of the exchange and two others familiar with the issue.
It was not clear with whom Mr Medvedchuk was in contact within the Trump campaign but the themes included US-Russia cooperation, the sources said.
Mr Putin is godfather to Mr Medvedchuk’s daughter.
Mr Medvedchuk denied having any contact with anyone in the Trump campaign.
I am not acquainted with any of Donald Trump's close associates, therefore no such conversation could have taken place
In the conversations during the campaign, Russian officials emphasised a pragmatic, business-style approach and stressed toTrump associates that they could make deals by focusing on common economic and other interests and leaving contentious issues aside, the sources said.
Veterans of previous election campaigns said some contact with foreign officials during a campaign was not unusual, but the number of interactions between Trump aides and Russian officials and others with links to Mr Putin was exceptional.
It's rare to have that many phone calls to foreign officials, especially to a country we consider an adversary or a hostile power, Richard Armitage, a Republican and former deputy secretary of state, told Reuters.
Beyond Mr Medvedchuk and Mr Kislyak, the identities of the other Putin-linked participants in the contacts remain classified and the names of Trump advisers other than Mr Flynn have been masked in intelligence reports on the contacts because of legal protections on their privacy as US citizens.
However,officials can request that they be revealed for intelligence purposes.
US and allied intelligence and law enforcement agencies routinely monitor communications and movements of Russian officials.
After Vice President Mike Pence and others had denied in January that Trump campaign representatives had any contact with Russian officials, the White House later confirmed that Mr Kislyak had met twice with then-Senator Jeff Sessions, who later became attorney general.
Mr Kislyak also attended an event in April where Mr Trump said he would seek better relations with Russia. Senior White House adviser Jared Kushner, Mr Trump's son-in-law, also attended that event in Washington.
In addition, Mr Kislyak met with two other Trump campaign advisers in July on the sidelines of the Republican convention.
Mr Trump fired Mr Flynn in February after it became clear that he had falsely characterised the nature of phone conversations with Mr Kislyak in late December - after the 8 November election and just after the Obama administration announced new sanctions on Russia.
Mr Flynn offered to testify to Congress in return for immunity from prosecution but his offer was turned down by the House intelligence committee.