The development of new technology and software for space missions is one of the priorities contained in the new four-year strategy of the Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies.
The plan, published today, will also see the research organisation focus on advancing understanding of how the systems underpinning the Earth change.
The DIAS blueprint, 'Embedded Globally, Strength Locally', also aims to advance the unification of gravity and quantum physics, including consideration of the nature of space time and a focus on quantum computing.
"Since it was established 80 years ago - as only the second advanced studies institute in the world - DIAS has been a powerhouse for advanced research and scholarship, a magnet for international research talent, and - because of its global reputation - an ambassador for Ireland," said Professor Vincent Cunnane, Chair of the Institute in a statement.
"With our new strategy, DIAS is embarking on the next phase of our development at a time of increasing geopolitical uncertainty worldwide."
Established by Eamon de Valera, DIAS today has three Schools of Celtic Studies, Theoretical Physics and Cosmic Physics and hosts researchers from 30 countries.
The research organisation now wants to increase the number of active researchers on site by 50% and enhancing gender balance.
It also aims to provide a virtual library of unique medieval manuscripts from the sixth to the 19th Centuries to enable global access and insights to Celtic identity, language, society and legacy, through the Irish Script on Screen initiative.
It also plans to preserve the cultural and scientific heritage of the famous observatory at DIAS Dunsink and elsewhere in the Institute, by making it more accessible to the public.
"Our work will strengthen Ireland as a home for intellectual leadership, independent critical enquiry and innovative frontier research," said Dr Eucharia Meehan, CEO and Registrar of DIAS.
"DIAS has worked - and will continue to work - on the formation of stars and planets, the origins of mysterious cosmic rays, the secrets of ancient manuscripts and ogham stones, and mechanisms forecasting volcanos and seismic events, whether on land or in the ocean.
"DIAS recently launched a major off-shore ocean bottom listening / observation seismometer infrastructure."