As bombs drop on the last rebel enclave near the Syrian capital for a fifth straight day, civilians are taking refuge in primitive bomb shelters.

Women Now, a charity partner of Irish NGO Trócaire which works with women affected by the conflict in Syria, has seen two of its three centres in Easter Ghouta completely destroyed in the bombing, and has been forced to close the other centre.

Lubna Alkanawati, who runs Women Now, said: "Our colleagues are trying to stay alive with their families in the dark and ill-equipped shelters along with all other families of Eastern Ghouta.

"The shelters are not supplied with enough water or food, and children have not seen sunshine for weeks.

"We appeal to everyone of you to raise your voices for the families of Ghouta before we see a repeat of Aleppo.

"The violence needs to stop now and civilians need to be safe from bombing and shelling."