Facebook has agreed to pay a £500,000 fine for breaches of data protection law related to the harvesting of data by consultancy Cambridge Analytica, Britain's information rights regulator said today.
Facebook's CEO Mark Zuckerberg has faced questioning by US and EU lawmakers over how the political consultancy obtained the personal data of 87 million users of the social network from a researcher.
The fine may be small for a company worth $540 billion, but it is the maximum the UK's Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) could issue.
It also represents the first move by a regulator to punish Facebook over the Cambridge Analytica scandal.
The ICO issued the fine last year after it said data from at least one million British users had been among the information harvested by the researcher and used for political purposes.
The ICO said today that in dropping its appeal and agreeing to pay the fine, Facebook had not made an admission of liability.
"The ICO's main concern was that UK citizen data was exposed to a serious risk of harm. Protection of personal information and personal privacy is of fundamental importance," said ICO Deputy Commissioner James Dipple-Johnstone.
"We are pleased to hear that Facebook has taken, and will continue to take, significant steps to comply with the fundamental principles of data protection," he added.
UK politicians have criticised Facebook's response to the data scandal and Zuckerberg's refusal to appear and answer questions in the UK over its protections and political advertising.
They have also raised concerns over the use of social media in Britain's 2016 referendum on leaving the European Union.
Facebook's chief technology officer last year apologised for errors made by the company and vowed to do more to improve transparency during a four-hour grilling by lawmakers.
However he said there was no evidence Cambridge Analytica had managed referendum-related advertisements.
Facebook said it was pleased to have reached a settlement and the company wished it had done more to investigate the claims about Cambridge Analytica in 2015.
"We made major changes to our platform back then, significantly restricting the information app developers could access," said Harry Kinmouth, Facebook's Associate General Counsel.
"Protecting people's information and privacy is a top priority for Facebook, and we are continuing to build new controls to help people protect and manage their information," he added.