Google has appealed the biggest ever anti-trust fine by the EU - a €4.34bn penalty for illegally abusing the dominance of its operating system for mobile devices.

Google spokesperson Al Verney confirmed that "we have now filed our appeal of the European Commission's Android decision at the General Court of the European Union."

In its July decision, the EU accused Google of using the Android system's huge popularity on smartphones and tablets to promote the use of its own Google search engine and shut out rivals.

EU Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager ordered Google to "put an effective end to this conduct within 90 days or face penalty payments" of up to five percent of its average daily turnover.

The sanction nearly doubled the previous record EU anti-trust fine of €2.4bn, which also targeted Google, in that case for its shopping comparison service in 2017.

Google provides Android free to smartphone manufacturers and generates most of its revenue from selling advertisements that appear along with search results.

But Ms Vestager said Google had shut out rivals by forcing major phone makers, including South Korea's Samsung and China's Huawei, to pre-install its search engine and Google Chrome browser.

They were also made to set Google Search as the default, as a condition of licensing some Google apps. As a result, Google Search and Chrome are pre-installed on the "significant majority" of devices sold in the EU, the European Commission says.

EU Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager ordered Google to halt anti-competitive practices in contractual deals with smartphone makers

Google CEO Sundar Pichai in July refuted the accusations arguing that the decision ignores the fact that Android phones compete with Apple phones that run on iOS with their own pre-installed apps.

The EU decision "rejects the business model that supports Android, which has created more choice for everyone, not less," Mr Pichai added in a blog post.

But according to industry-tracker Gartner, Android dominated the smartphone market with a share of 85.9 percent last year, to around 14 percent for Apple's iOS.
Some 1.3 billion Android smartphones were sold last year, compared with approximately 215 million running on iOS and 1.5 million with other operating systems, according to the research firm.

The appeal could take years to get through the EU court system.