Paediatricians are calling on the Government to abolish Direct Provision and place families in more child appropriate accommodation.
A new report by the Faculty of Paediatrics at the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland says the facilities have a hugely negative impact on a child's wellbeing that may impact on mental health in adulthood.
Paediatricians say almost 1,800 children were living in Direct Provision last year and more than one-in-five applications for international protection were made by minors.
The Dean of the Faculty of Paediatrics at the RCPI said these children are at higher risk of physical and mental health problems
Dr Ellen Crushell said Direct Provision has to be abolished and families should be placed in community based, family friendly housing.
The report outlines a number of actions that should be taken in the interim.
These include own-door accommodation and a private living space for families, along with improved access to psychological services throughout the country and funding for additional vaccinations.
The paediatricians say, as healthcare professionals, they need to advocate for vulnerable marginalised children.