A judge who chaired the government's review of the State's treatment of asylum seekers has called for the immediate regularisation of the status of about 2,500 people who have been here for five years or more.
Judge Bryan McMahon said it is regrettable that, in the ten months since the working group reported, there has been no improvement in the living conditions and supports for the almost 5,000 residents of Direct Provision centres.
The retired High Court judge was speaking in his capacity as the former chairperson of the working group on the protection process including Direct Provision and supports to asylum seekers.
He was addressing a news conference in Dublin organised by the Jesuit Refugee Centre, which has published its analysis on key recommendations from the working group.
The Jesuit Refugee Service said that huge work needs to be done to implement 173 key recommendations.
A key recommendation was to resolve cases where asylum seekers had been living in Direct Provision for more than five years, but it was found that this has only been partially implemented.
The working group report also recommended cutting the time it takes to process asylum applications down to 12 months.
However, the analysis found that over the past year the average processing time for refugee status decisions has increased from 15 months to two years.
Speaking on RTÉ's Morning Ireland, Eugene Quinn of the Jesuit Refugee Service said Direct Provision facilities are institutions, but for the people involved it is their home.
The implementation of communal kitchens for families was a priority, but this has not happened, he said.
As a result he said people in Direct Provision do not prepare a family meal, one of the most fundamental things.
He said the provision of extra living space to allow them study and to live with greater dignity also has not happened.
There has also been a failure to implement people's right to work after nine months, he said.
Mr Quinn said the earlier people seeking asylum get access to the labour market, the better their long-term integration into society.
He said a failure in not allowing people to work creates a long-term dependency, especially if people remain long term in Direct Provision.
Mr Quinn said there is a long-term human cost to this.