The outgoing EU Digital Commissioner has expressed concern that Europe is missing large opportunities in the digital economy and will continue to stagnate as a result.
In a hard-hitting final speech to the Broadband World Forum in Amsterdam before her term of office ends, Neelie Kroes said she is worried that Europe will look at digital success stories, but let them pass by.
Ms Kroes said some great progress had been made in the last five years that she has been vice-president of the European Commission, with responsibility for the Digital Agenda.
But she said Europe, sadly, is not yet fully ready and able to use the new mindset.
She told delegates that while Europe once led the world of innovation and digital technology, today it does not.
The problem, she claimed, is that Europe is now divided into a digital Europe and an analogue Europe, who rarely talk to each other and together hold back all of the continent because they are not in sync.
She described the digital Europe as optimistic, full of energy and digital ideas, mobile, flexible, hateful of barriers and always looking for opportunities.
On the other hand, the analogue Europe worries about where new middle class jobs will come from, likes putting up walls and regulations, and is older, she said.
While neither side is 100% right, she said, leaders have a choice about how to lead people to the more realistic and hopeful side of those debates.
In a candid admission, Ms Kroes said she had made many mistakes during her time in office.
If she had her time again, she would have set fewer targets, she said.
She also admitted that she should have pushed the telecoms industry harder to leave behind old business models, and moved earlier on net neutrality and deregulation.
Ms Kroes said she is tired of five years of having stakeholders and ministers tell her what they would do if they were her, and at the same time asking Europe to do things for them.
"It is not enough to come to Brussels and complain or put your hand out for money," she said.
"It is not enough to ask what Europe can do for you. Europe is you."
She called on people in Europe to learn how to compromise and to face the future based on that compromise. She called for an end to endless and pointless parallel conversations and the creation of one Europe, not two.