The Brazilian Amazon lost about 18 trees per second in 2021 as deforestation in the country increased by more than 20%, according to a satellite data-based report released today.

The Mapbiomas report said the country lost some 16,557 square kilometers of indigenous vegetation in 2021 - an area bigger than Northern Ireland.

In 2020, the area lost was 13,789 square kilometers.

Nearly 60% of land deforested in 2021 was in the Amazon, the world's largest tropical rainforest, the report said.

"In the Amazon alone, 111.6 hectares per hour or 1.9 hectares per minute were deforested, which is equivalent to about 18 trees per second," according to Mapbiomas, a network of NGOs, universities and technology companies.

Clearing land for farming was the main driver, accounting for almost 97%, it said, with illegal mining also a major factor.

Extinction Rebellion activists gathered at the General Consulate of Brazil in New York last August

In the last three years, the tree cover lost in Brazil was about 42,000 square kilometers - "almost the area of the state of Rio de Janeiro," said the report.

Data from the National Institute of Space Research (INPE) show that between January and June 2022, the Brazilian Amazon lost 3,988 square kilometers to deforestation.

And government statistics state that average annual Brazilian Amazon deforestation increased by 75% during Jair Bolsonaro's presidency compared to a decade earlier.

Environmentalists accuse Mr Bolsonaro of actively encouraging deforestation for economic gain and of weakening research and protection agencies.

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