US basketball star Brittney Griner went on trial in a court on the outskirts of Moscow today to face drug charges that could see her face up to 10 years in prison.

The case, which coincides with fraught relations between Moscow and Washington over the conflict in Ukraine, was brought after Russian authorities said they found vape cartridges containing hashish oil in Griner's luggage at a Moscow airport in February.

Ms Griner, a star in the US-based Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA), was arrested and charged with smuggling a large quantity of drugs.

The 31-year-old athlete was seen arriving at Khimki City Court in handcuffs shortly after noon Moscow time, wearing a Jimi Hendrix T-shirt and sneakers without laces, which are forbidden in Russian jails.

The prosecutor told Ms Griner that she was being charged with intentionally transporting narcotics. Ms Griner spoke to say she understood the charges.

Three employees of the US embassy, including deputy of chief of mission Elizabeth Rood, were present in the courtroom.

Ms Griner was seated in a cage with a zip-lock bag of cookies and a bottle of mineral water.

She told a Reuters reporter she was finding detention hard because she was unable to speak Russian, and that she was unable to fully keep up with physical fitness, only general exercises such as stretching.

Her lawyers told Reuters they would not say yet whether or not she would be pleading guilty.

'Illegal drugs'

Asked about the case, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov denied it was politically motivated.

"I can only operate with known facts, and the facts indicate that the eminent athlete was detained with illegal drugs that contained narcotic substance," he told reporters.

"There are articles in Russian legislation that provide for punishment for such crimes. Only the court can pass a verdict."

US officials and a score of athletes have called for the release of Ms Griner - or "BG" as she is known to basketball fans.

They say she has been wrongfully detained and should be immediately returned to her family in the United States.

Ms Griner's detention also prompted concerns that Moscow could use the two-time Olympic gold medallist to negotiate the release of a high-profile Russian in US custody.

The Kremlin has said that Ms Griner violated Russian laws and denied she was being held hostage amid Russia's stand-off with the United States.

Ms Griner, a centre for the Phoenix Mercury, had played for UMMC Ekaterinburg in Russia during the WNBA off-season, like several other US players offered lucrative contracts by the Russian Women's Basketball Premier League.

However some have now left the Russian league, amid Ms Griner's detention and Russia's military intervention in Ukraine.

Ms Griner's wife, Cherelle Griner, told CNN in an interview yesterday evening that she was hoping for a meeting with US President Joe Biden.

"I would love for him to tell me he cares," Cherelle Griner said.

The US government has warned citizens against travelling to Russia in light of the "potential for harassment against US citizens by Russian government security officials".

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said last week there was "no higher priority" than bringing home Ms Griner and other Americans "illegally detained" abroad.

Tough sentences

Russian law is strict in such cases and other foreigners have recently been handed heavy sentences on drug-related charges.

Last month a Moscow court sentenced a former US diplomat, Marc Fogel, to 14 years in prison for "large-scale" cannabis smuggling.

Russia and the United States regularly clash over the detention of each other's citizens and sometimes exchange them in scenes reminiscent of the Cold War.

In April, former US Marine Trevor Reed, serving a nine-year sentence in Russia for violence, was exchanged for Russian pilot Konstantin Yaroshenko, imprisoned in the US since 2010 for drug trafficking.

Other exchanges of this type could be the subject of possible talks, observers say.

Among the names most mentioned is that of Paul Whelan, an American sentenced to 16 years in prison for espionage, and the Russian arms trafficker Viktor Bout, nicknamed "The Merchant of Death", who is serving a 25-year sentence in the US.

In January 2020, Russian President Vladimir Putin pardoned a young Israeli-American woman, Naama Issachar, imprisoned in Russia for "drug trafficking" after then-Israeli leader Benjamin Netanyahu met with him in Moscow, and brought her home.

She was stopped in April 209 during a transit at Moscow's Sheremetyevo airport while flying between India and Israel via the Russian capital.

Authorities said they found nine grams of cannabis in her luggage.