Indigenous people in Colombia knocked down a statue of Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada, who founded the capital Bogota, as protests against the government continued.

Photos shared on social media showed members of the Misak indigenous community standing on the empty pedestal in the center of Bogota with the statue lying on the ground with a broken arm.

At least 26 people have died in clashes between demonstrators and security forces since protests against President Ivan Duque's government began on 28 April, originally against a now abandoned tax reform.

Indigenous people have joined in with unions, students and other groups in demanding change to the government's policies on health, education and inequality.

Demonstrators from the Misak - also called Guambiano - community, originally from the south of the country, arrived at dawn at the statue, erected in 1960, waving their indigenous flags.

"Historically he was the biggest slaughterer, torturer, thief and rapist of our women and our children," the group said in a statement.

The statement said the "elitist families descended" from De Quesada had "reproduced the great problems" of the country such as the recently abandoned tax reform.

Indigenous people in Colombia's southwest have knocked down at least three statues to conquistadors since September 2020.

They are waging a historic dispute over land rights but have often been the victims of Colombia's multi-faceted conflict pitting left-wing guerrillas, drug-traffickers, right-wing paramilitaries and the armed forces against each other.

Later today, Defense Minister Diego Molano hit out at those criticising the security forces for alleged excessive use of force.

Colombia has come under fire from the United Nations, European Union, United States and NGOs for its handling of the protests.

"There's a stigmatisation campaign against the public forces operations on social media that aims to pit them against society," Molano told Blu Radio.

The government blames the violence on "vandalism" wrought by left-wing rebels that it says have infiltrated protests.

Three members of the security forces have been shot during the protests.