Australia's second-most populous state Victoria has said that anyone breaking Covid-19 isolation orders will face hefty fines, as high as $20,000 (€12,150), and that more military personnel will be deployed to fight the spread of the virus.
Australia, once heralded as a global leader in containing Covid-19, is desperately trying to slow the spread of the virus in Victoria to prevent a national second wave of infections.
Earlier this week, Victoria imposed a night curfew, tightened restrictions on people's daily movements and ordered large parts of the local economy to close to slow the spread of the coronavirus.
But nearly a third of those who contracted Covid-19 were not home isolating when checked on by officials, requiring tough new penalties, Victoria state Premier Daniel Andrews said today.
Fines of nearly $5,000 (€3,026) will be issued to anyone breaching stay at home orders. Repeat offenders face a fine of up to A$20,000.
"There is literally no reason for you to leave your home and if you were to leave your home and not be found there, you will have a very difficult time convincing Victoria police that you have a lawful reason," Mr Andrews told reporters in Melbourne.
The only exemption will be for urgent medical care, said Mr Andrews, adding anyone under a self-isolation order will no longer be allowed to leave their homes for outdoor exercise.
"Fresh air at the front door. Fresh air in your front yard or backyard or opening a window," he said.
Mr Andrews said an additional 500 unarmed military personnel will deploy to Victoria this week to assist police in ensuring self-isolation orders are being complied with.
The latest military deployment will join about 1,500 troops already in Victoria and engaged in contact tracing, testing and assisting police at check points. Australia has deployed almost 3,000 troops to help in virus logistical operations.
Australia has recorded nearly 19,000 Covid-19 cases and 232 fatalities, far few than many other developed nations after closing its international borders early, imposing social distancing restrictions and mass virus testing.
But as the country began to reopen, community transmissions rose significantly in Victoria which has recorded triple digit new cases for weeks. It now has the bulk of infections in the country, with nearly 12,000 reported cases. Today, Victoria reported 439 new Covid-19 cases in the past 24 hours.
Mr Andrews said 11 people had died from the virus since yesterday, bringing the state's death toll to 136. The virus has spread significantly throughout Victoria's aged care facilities, with many of the deaths among the elderly.
Victoria state officials said the latest wave of Covid-19 infections has been driven by residents refusing to adhere to restrictions on their movements.
"There are a number of people who have knowingly breached the curfew - so somebody who decided they were bored and they were going to go out for a drive, somebody who decided that they needed to buy a car after 8pm last night," Victoria Minister for Police Lisa Neville told reporters in Melbourne.
With concerns that many people feel they have no choice but to continue working after a Covid-19 diagnosis, Australia said yesterday it would pay people in the state $1,500 (€910) to stay home if they were ordered to and they do not have leave entitlements.
Many internal state borders have been closed which has so far seen the new wave of infections predominately limited to Victoria, with neighbouring New South Wales (NSW) state reporting the next highest number of cases.
NSW reported 12 new cases today, though all the cases can be traced back to known outbreaks, some of which were started by infected people travelling from Victoria.