Today marks five years since Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 was shot down of the over eastern Ukraine.
The families of the victims, who attended remembrance services in the Netherlands and Kuala Lumpur, have again called for justice.
The services come less than a month after international investigators charged three Russians and a Ukrainian with the murder of the 298 people who died.
Mourners gathering at the Dutch national monument to the disaster were surrounded by 298 trees - one was planted for each victim - and sunflowers grown from seeds from the Ukrainian fields where the wreckage fell.
Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte addressed relatives at the memorial in Vijfhuizen, next to Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport where the ill-fated flight to Malaysia took off on 17 July 2014.
"At this unique place of sorrow the reading of the names of all victims is again central," a statement from the victims association said, adding that they would be read aloud by families and friends.
The flags of the affected countries will hang at half-mast.
One hundred and ninety-six of the victims were Dutch and 36 were Australian.
A Dutch-led team of international investigators says the plane was shot down by a BUK anti-aircraft missile over part of eastern Ukraine that was held by pro-Russian rebels.
They say the missile originated from the Russian military's 53rd anti-aircraft missile brigade based in the city of Kursk and was transported there before the tragedy.
The Netherlands and Australia have said that they hold Russia responsible for the shooting down of MH17.
Investigators on 19 June charged four people - Russians Igor Girkin, Sergei Dubinskiy and Oleg Pulatov, and Ukrainian Leonid Kharchenko - with murder.
All are linked to the separatist rebels in eastern Ukraine.
Russia has denied all involvement and Russian President Vladimir Putin has said the probe showed "no proof" of Moscow's guilt.