Israeli politicians have voted 75-45 to dissolve the parliament and set the country on the path to a second election within months.
The vote took place after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu failed to put together a ruling coalition before a midnight deadline.
Another election could be held as early as 17 September.
In April Mr Netanyahu appeared set for a fifth term after his Likud Party won 35 of the Knesset's 120 seats, even though he faces possible indictment in three corruption cases.
Mr Netanyahu has denied any wrongdoing and accused his opponents of mounting a witch-hunt.
But despite weeks of negotiations he failed to overcome divisions between secular and religious allies and in the early hours, parliament voted by 74-45 to dissolve itself.
The vote was prompted by Mr Netanyahu's failure to reach a coalition deal even though his Likud party along with its right-wing and religious allies won a majority in last month's elections.
Ex-defence minister Avigdor Lieberman prevented an agreement by refusing to abandon a key demand, with his nationalist Yisrael Beitenu party's five seats just enough to block Benjamin Netanyahu's efforts.
As a result, Mr Netanyahu pushed for new elections to prevent his nightmare scenario of Israeli President Reuven Rivlin selecting another parliament member to try to form a government.