US President Donald Trump has said that the World Bank Group should be led by US Treasury official David Malpass.

Mr Malpass is a Trump loyalist and critic of multilateral institutions who has vowed to pursue "pro-growth" reforms at the global lender.

Trump's nomination of Malpass, the Treasury Department's top diplomat, is subject to a vote by the World Bank's executive board and could draw challengers from some of the bank's 188 other shareholding countries.

The United States, the lender's largest shareholder with 16% of its voting power, has traditionally chosen the bank's president, but departing president Jim Yong Kim faced challengers from Colombia and Nigeria in 2012.

The nomination of Mr Malpass, who beat out other potential candidates, including former PepsiCo CEO Indra Nooyi and US Overseas Private Investment Corp President Ray Washburne, signals that the Trump administration wants a firmer grip on the global development lender.

"He has fought to ensure financing is focused on the places and projects that truly need assistance, including people living in extreme poverty," Mr Trump said in announcing his choice at the White House with Mr Malpass by his side.

David Malpass, Treasury undersecretary for international affairs, has criticized the World Bank and other multilateral institutions for growing larger, more "intrusive" and "entrenched," and targeted the bank for its continued lending to China, a country he sees as too wealthy for such aid.

A senior Trump administration official said Mr Malpass would honor the bank's standards and obligations, including its initiatives to combat climate change.

But the official said Mr Malpass would be a "pro-growth reformer" who would implement strategies to better improve economic growth and living standards in the poorest countries.

If approved, Mr Malpass would replace Mr Kim, a physician and former university president who stepped down on 1 February, more than three years before his term ended.

Mr Kim, who joined private equity fund Global Infrastructure Partners, differed with the Trump administration over climate change and development resources.