Mitt Romney, the former Republican presidential candidate and incoming US senator from Utah, has sharply criticised US President Donald Trump and suggested he has caused dismay around the world.

In a Washington Post essay published yesterday evening, Mr Romney criticised a number of Mr Trump's actions in December.

"The appointment of senior persons of lesser experience, the abandonment of allies who fight beside us, and the president’s thoughtless claim that America has long been a 'sucker' in world affairs all defined his presidency down," he wrote.

He added that "Trump’s words and actions have caused dismay around the world."

The White House did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Mr Romney suggested that "on balance, (Mr Trump's) conduct over the past two years ... is evidence that the president has not risen to the mantle of the office."

Mr Romney is staking out an independent position before he takes office on tomorrow.

It is unclear whether Mr Trump will face a serious challenge in 2020 to securing the Republican Party's presidential nomination.

Last February, Mr Trump endorsed Mr Romney’s run for a Senate seat in Utah.

During the 2016 presidential campaign, Mr Romney excoriated Mr Trump as a "fraud" who was "playing the American public for suckers."

Mr Trump responded that Mr Romney had "choked like a dog" in his unsuccessful 2012 campaign against Democratic President Barack Obama.

Despite his prior criticism, after Mr Trump won the presidency in November 2016, he briefly considered tapping Mr Romney as secretary of state.

In his essay, Mr Romney said he "will speak out against significant statements or actions that are divisive, racist, sexist, anti-immigrant, dishonest or destructive to democratic institutions."

Mr Romney has strongly defended press freedom and challenged Mr Trump's repeated attacks on some news outlets as an "enemy of the people."

"The media is essential to our Republic, to our freedom, to the cause of freedom abroad, and to our national security. It is very much our friend," Mr Romney wrote in an essay in November.