The coalition of Arab states fighting Yemen's Iran-aligned Houthis has denounced as inaccurate and biased a report by United Nations human rights experts that said some of its air strikes may amount to war crimes.
The experts' report released yesterday said the bombardment has caused heavy civilian casualties, raising concerns about the coalition's targeting process, while severe restrictions on Red Sea ports and Sanaa airport had deprived Yemenis of vital supplies.
The panel said Houthi fighters may also be guilty of war crimes, accusing them of restricting access for humanitarian aid and conscripting child soldiers.
The Houthis, who control the capital and most of the west of the country, regularly fire missiles on southern Saudi Arabia and occasionally aim for higher-value targets, such as the capital Riyadh or facilities of state oil company Aramco.
"The report had several methodological fallacies and misconstrued the facts of the conflict ... ignoring the true reasons for the conflict which are the coup of the Iran-backed Houthi militias against the legitimate government in Yemen," said a statement published by the Saudi state news agency SPA.
Saudi Arabia is leading a Western-backed alliance of Sunni Muslim Arab states trying to restore the internationally recognised government of Yemeni President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, ousted from the capital Sanaa by the Houthis in 2015.
The report was the first UN investigation into possible war crimes in Yemen, although international human rights groups have regularly documented abuses.
It was released ahead of UN peace talks between Mr Hadi's government and the Houthis scheduled for 6 September in Geneva.
The coalition said it would provide a "comprehensive and detailed legal response" at a later time.
It rejected the report's assertion that it had not cooperated or provided information to the panel.
The experts said they did not examine the United States and Britain, who supply weapons and intelligence to the alliance, or Iranian support for the Houthis, but other UN bodies were doing so.
They urged all states to restrict arms sales to help end the war.
The UN considers Yemen to be facing the most urgent humanitarian crisis in the world, with millions of people potentially facing starvation if the war disrupts supply lines needed to bring in aid.
The war has so far garnered relatively little public attention in Western countries, but there are signs that is starting to change, particularly because of the role Western governments play in supplying arms to the coalition countries.
US Defence Secretary James Mattis has said that American support for the Saudi-led coalition is not unconditional, but suggested the US would continue to support the alliance as it worked to reduce the impact on civilians.
Amnesty International called on Washington, London and others to "do everything in their power to prevent further violations (including) immediately stopping the flow of arms to the country and end the coalition's arbitrary restrictions on humanitarian assistance and essential imports."