US President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw from the Iran nuclear pact threatens new business for several big companies, including Boeing, Airbus and General Electric.
The two aerospace giants were among the companies to receive US Treasury licences to begin conducting business in Iran under strict oversight after sanctions were lifted in the 2015 accord.
Even amid this easing, the US continued to keep in place an embargo on American citizens operating in Iran and barred Iranian entities from using the US financial system.
Here is a list of affected companies:
Boeing and Airbus
Aerospace companies had been perhaps the biggest beneficiary of the Iran nuclear accord, which recognised the need for Iran to modernise its airplane fleet.
In December 2016, Boeing announced a landmark agreement to sell Iran Air 80 aircraft valued at $16.6 billion. It also announced a contract in April 2017 to sell Iran Aseman Airlines 30 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft for $3 billion, with purchase rights for another 30 aircraft.
The aerospace giant had said the Iran contracts would support tens of thousands of jobs. Boeing said yesterday it would follow US policy on Iran.
European giant Airbus also had announced contracts with two other carriers, Iran Air Tour and Zagros Airlines, for 100 planes in all.
With industrial capacity in the United States, Airbus is also subject to US sanctions.
General Electric, Volkswagen, Total, PSA
GE affiliates based outside the US since 2017 received contracts totaling tens of millions of dollars for equipment for gas production projects and gas and petrochemical plants, according to a 1 May securities filing.
French oil giant Total is at risk of losing a contract to help develop Iran's South Pars gas field following the US move. Total has warned that its position in the project depends on the state of the broader nuclear agreement.
Volkswagen announced in 2017 that it resumed selling cars in Iran for the first time in 2017. The German company continues to face questions over its "dieselgate" scandal in the US, long a key market.
French automaker PSA Peugeot Citroen reached an agreement last year to sell cars in Iran and has reported sales increases in the country since resuming.
PSA has indicated interest in returning to the US market, a goal that would force it to rethink its Iran plans.
Travel and hospitality
British Airways and Lufthansa, which have resumed flights into Tehran, will be faced with a choice of continuing those businesses, or maintaining their international flights to the US.
The same problem faces French hotel chain Accor, which opened a hotel in Iran in 2015, as well as others in hospitality, such as Spain's Melia Hotels International and Rotana Hotels of the United Arab Emirates.