Thousands of mourners flocked to the heart of South Africa's sprawling Soweto township, a centre of anti-apartheid resistance, to pay tribute to Nelson Mandela's former wife and struggle hero Winnie Mandela.
Her grandson Bambatha Mandela described Mandela, who died on 2 April after a long illness, as "an extraordinary woman, a mother, a soldier, a fighter."
"Even at 81 (she) was one person I thought would live forever," he said in an emotional tribute. "I had the privilege of being the first grandchild they could raise after (Nelson Mandela) returned from prison."
The choice of Soweto's 37,000-capacity Orlando stadium for both the memorial service and the full state funeral planned for Saturday was highly symbolic.
Unlike many struggle-era leaders who moved from townships like Soweto to formerly white suburbs after apartheid fell, Winnie Mandela remained embedded in the community where she met Nelson Mandela at a bus stop in 1957.
"She could have gone to the suburbs like many of us did, but she chose not to," her grandson said.
"I don't think I want to wake up alongside my enemies," he remembered her as saying.
The Soweto Gospel Choir sang several rousing numbers which prompted mourners to stand and dance beside their plastic foldaway seats.
A handful of mourners inside the stadium wore the red of the radical opposition Economic Freedom Fighters party, which Winnie Mandela grew close to in later life.
The ANC's signature green, yellow and black adorned mourners' shirts and flags and women's head-wraps.
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Rita Ndzanga, a frail former anti-apartheid fighter who was detained alongside Winnie Mandela, drew rapturous cheers from the crowd as she spoke about their experiences.
"I remember when we were arrested in our fight against pass laws for women," she said, describing how they were both breastfeeding at the time.
As well as numerous ministers, religious leaders and family members, George Bizos, an anti-apartheid icon who was close friends with Nelson Mandela, also attended.
He sat alongside at least 100 VIP delegates on a black stage decorated with bright yellow and white flowers and flanked by two big screens.
The stadium burst into song with a spirited rendition of struggle-era song "Mabayeke umhlaba wethu" meaning "Let them return our land" - a reference to the colonial and apartheid-era dispossession of non-white people.
Mananki Joyce Seipei, the mother of a boy whose kidnapping Winnie was convicted of in 1991, was reportedly encouraged by the ANC to attend Wednesday's event.
She told local media she was "very sad to hear that Winnie is no more because she and I had made peace."
Mandela was found guilty of kidnapping Stompie Moeketsi, a 14-year-old boy who was then beaten to death by her bodyguards in her home in 1988.
She was also accused of running a mafia-style gang responsible for multiple murders and beatings in Soweto, and of endorsing "necklacing" - killing suspected informers with burning tyres put over their heads.
Her convictions for kidnapping and fraud, and her reputation for overseeing violence in black townships, were brushed aside with tributes to her bravery, independence and integrity.
Most of Winnie Mandela's 38-year marriage to Nelson was spent apart, with Nelson imprisoned for 27 years, leaving her to raise their two daughters alone as she kept his political dream alive.
In 1990 the world watched when Nelson Mandela finally walked free from prison - hand-in-hand with Winnie.
The Mandelas separated in 1992 and divorced four years later, after a legal wrangle that revealed she had had an affair with a young bodyguard.
During her old age, she re-emerged as a respected elder who was feted as a living reminder of the late Mandela - and of the long and celebrated struggle against apartheid.
"She was the best we could have," said one of her young great-granddaughters to an ecstatic crowd response.