There has been extended backlash against a proposal by the Trump administration to eliminate $18m in funding for the Special Olympics.

US Education Secretary Betsy DeVos was grilled by lawmakers over a proposed 10% reduction - $7bn - in the government's 2020 overall education budget, with Democrats slamming the cuts to Special Olympics as particularly callous.

"We had to make some difficult decisions with this budget," she told a House appropriations subcommittee hearing.

"Let me just say that I think Special Olympics is an awesome organisation, one that is well supported by the philanthropic sector," she said.

When Ms DeVos acknowledged she did not know how many American children would be affected by the cuts, House Democrat Mark Pocan provided the figure: 272,000.

The Special Olympics, founded by president John F Kennedy's sister Eunice Kennedy Shriver in 1968, has grown into a global movement, providing competition for children and adults with intellectual disabilities.

The organisation is largely funded by corporate and private donations.

The US funds had been earmarked for Special Olympics education programs at 6,500 schools, where activities have shown to increase inclusion and reduce bullying.

As part of Donald Trump's effort to reduce the growing budget deficit, his administration is also proposing cuts to some after-school grants and a $13m drop in contributions to Gallaudet University, a federally chartered school for the deaf.

Democratic congresswoman Barbara Lee called the Special Olympics cuts "appalling."

"I still can't understand why you would go after disabled children in your budget," she told Ms DeVos.

Democratic presidential hopefuls also weighed in, with Senator Amy Klobuchar calling the proposal "an affront to our values" and Senator Bernie Sanders saying it was "unbelievable" that Mr Trump would slash education spending after passing massive tax breaks for the wealthy.

Congressman Joe Kennedy III, grand-nephew of Kennedy Shriver, signalled it was unlikely that the Democrat-led House of Representatives would approve the cuts.

"This. Will. Never. Happen," he tweeted.

With the outcry growing, Ms DeVos insisted the Department of Education remains "focused every day on raising expectations and improving outcomes for infants and toddlers, children and youth with disabilities."

Special Olympics chairman Timothy Shriver expressed disappointment with the proposal, saying the organisation does critical work in schools to help educate youths "about the importance of an inclusive mindset to the future of the country.

"If the federal government has a role to support that, it ought to be investing in kids with special needs," he said.

The latest Special Olympics World Games were held last week in Abu Dhabi.