At least 82 British tower blocks are known to have a cladding system which failed fire safety tests conducted in the wake of last month's deadly blaze in London.
UK police have said they believe the system of insulation and cladding panels added during a refurbishment of Grenfell Tower may have contributed to the rapid spread of the fire, triggering a wider scare about similar buildings elsewhere.
After initial testing, a second, more extensive round of tests on a specific cladding system known to be in use on 82 buildings found it did not meet building regulations, the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) said in a statement.
Alongside the release of the test results, the government said it had ordered an independent review of building regulations and fire safety.
At least 80 people were killed when the blaze ripped through the 24-storey block of flats in west London on 14 June.
The review is to be led by Judith Hackitt and will report to Communities Secretary Sajid Javid and Home Secretary Amber Rudd, the government said.
The so-called "whole system" tests simulated tall buildings and tested the insulation and cladding materials in conjunction to see how they reacted to different types of fire, the government said.
Experts have previously flagged concerns that building regulations are unclear on the use of combustible cladding, which paved the way to their use by contractors.
Ms Hackitt will aim to publish a final report by spring 2018 and an interim report before the close of the year, according to the announcement.
The scope of the probe is to be set by this summer, the government said, after the terms of reference for the Grenfell Tower public inquiry are established.
She said: "I am honoured to be asked by government to lead this important independent review. This review will look at building regulations and fire safety to see what changes can be made for the future to make these more effective.
"I am keen to engage widely with industry and the public to inform the recommendations from the review. I want the recommendations to lead to any necessary improvements in the system being made," added Ms Hackitt.
Any recommendations will be acted on "swiftly" by the government, the DCLG said.