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UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has faced repeated claims that he, his staff and civil servants broke the law at a time when millions of Britons were observing Covid restrictions. Mr Johnson has defended some of the events, collectively and colloquially known as "partygate", as work gatherings.

15 May 2020

Johnson is pictured with wine and cheese alongside his now-wife Carrie and some 20 staff in the Downing Street garden, according to a leaked photograph to The Guardian.

20 May 2020

Johnson's senior aide Martin Reynolds invites staff "to make the most of the lovely weather and have some socially distanced drinks in the No10 garden this evening".

ITV News, which obtained the emailed invitation, said 40 staff ended up in the garden that evening, eating picnic food and drinking.

Johnson and Carrie both attended, according to several reports, despite some staffers expressing qualms that the gathering breached lockdown rules.

The prime minister later "categorically" denied knowing about the event beforehand or receiving warnings it breached the rules he set for the public.

13 November 2020

Controversial adviser Dominic Cummings is fired. He alleges that a raucous party took place that night in Boris and Carrie Johnson's Downing Street apartment.

England was then in a second lockdown, and such indoor gatherings forbidden.

27 November 2020

Johnson gives a speech at Downing Street drinks held for the departure of another aide. The Daily Mirror reported that up to 50 people were crammed into a room.

14 December 2020

Plates of buffet food and drinks were on offer in a photograph revealed by The Times newspaper showing Conservative staff in festive mood at party headquarters.

The party says the gathering was "unauthorised" and disciplined some of those present.

At the time, London was in a regional "tier" of restrictions that had replaced the November lockdown, which banned indoor socialising between households.

15 December 2020

Johnson was photographed sitting between two staffers at a Number 10 Christmas Zoom quiz. He insists it was a work gathering.

17 December 2020

A social event is alleged to have taken place attended by staff in the Cabinet Office.

Senior civil servant Simon Case, who was initially tasked with investigating other party claims, stepped down over claims that his staff had broken the rules on indoor social mixing.

It was later reported that another event took place in the department on the same day to mark the departure of Kate Josephs, the former head of the Covid taskforce, for which she later apologised.

18 December 2020

Another party was held in Downing Street, according to the Daily Mirror, prompting government denials.

But a video then obtained by ITV News showed Johnson's then-press secretary Allegra Stratton joking about the event at a mock news conference.

She later resigned, in a tearful public statement.

16 April 2021

Two "boozy" leaving events took place the night before the funeral for Prince Philip, Queen Elizabeth II's husband, while the country was in a period of official mourning, The Daily Telegraph reported.

Johnson was not believed to have been present at the events, at which alcohol was smuggled into Downing Street in a suitcase.

But his former director of communications James Slack, one of those leaving, apologised for the "anger and hurt" caused.

Downing Street later apologised to the queen.