The National Development Plan - Project Ireland 2040 - will commit to expenditure on capital projects totalling more than €165 billion. Here is a look at the impact on Limerick.

The much-anticipated changes to the current N20 roadway between Limerick and Cork may not be upgraded to a motorway, and may instead be subject to bypasses and improvements along the current route.

The proposed M20 could cost up to €3 billion if a full-scale motorway was to be built. It was designed to cut journey times by 30 minutes and improve safety, economic prosperity and access between the 2nd and 3rd cities.

But it was controversial, as it was cutting through farmland and homes on its preferred route along the current N20.

Other groups opposed also questioned the economic argument for such a large scale road project, which would add to the climate crisis, where transport accounts for 20% of our CO2 emissions.

The National Development Plan has placed the controversial N/M20 Cork to Limerick route as one of the national road projects which were part of the original NDP, but are now 'subject to further approval'.

Other roads which were in the original plan and which are now also subject to further approval is a the N21 bypass of Abbeyfeale, the N21 bypass of Newcastlewest and the N21 Limerick to Adare/Foynes route.

It had been hoped that the N21 Adare bypass would be completed in time for the Ryder Cup at Adare Manor in 2027, but the plans to solve what is regarded as a notorious bottleneck leading into Adare could be delayed.

However, the plan does commit to improving access to our ports, in particular the port of Foynes, and says upgrading the roads to our ports, including the N21/N69 Limerick Adare Foynes road, remains a priority for Government.

Port Development works at Foynes will continue and expected to be completed by 2022. This includes jetty expansion, land purchase and site clearance.

The plan also commits to providing a rail link from Limerick to Shannon in the future, with new rail stations at Bunratty, Shannon town and Shannon Airport.