Chinese authorities have locked down the area surrounding the world's largest iPhone factory after workers had fled the facility to avoid Covid restrictions.

Central China's Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone, where Taiwanese tech giant Foxconn runs a massive plant, entered seven days of "static management", local officials said in a statement, using a euphemism for lockdown.

Images emerged last week on Chinese social media showing people breaking out of Foxconn's facility, which employs hundreds of thousands of workers.

Employees were complaining online of poor conditions and having to flee the factory on foot to avoid Covid transport curbs.

It was reported yesterday that the company was announcing a big increase in bonuses to stem the exodus of workers.

Foxconn employees take shuttle buses to head home from Zhengzhou

All people except Covid-prevention volunteers and essential workers "must not leave their residences except to receive Covid tests and emergency medical treatment", the officials said.

They added only medical vehicles and those delivering essentials would be allowed on the streets.

China is the last major economy committed to a zero-Covid strategy, persisting with snap lockdowns, mass testing and lengthy quarantines in a bid to stamp out emerging outbreaks.

But new variants have tested local officials' ability to snuff out flare-ups faster than they can spread, causing much of the country to live under an ever-changing mosaic of Covid curbs.

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Shanghai Disney shuts over Covid case, with visitors unable to leave

Covid curbs exact wider business toll

Meanwhile, Chinese electric vehicle maker NIO suspended production at its plants in the eastern city of Hefei as rising Covid-19 cases and China's heavy-handed response to outbreaks exact a widening toll on manufacturing and the economy.

The impact was also felt in the central city of Zhengzhou, where the industrial park housing a massive Apple iPhone factory announced a fresh lockdown, even as the plant's owner, Foxconn, scrambles to placate workers frustrated with ongoing virus curbs.

China is fighting its largest outbreak since the summer as cases erupt across several major cities, forcing millions of residents to be ordered to stay home or go to centralised quarantine facilities under the country's strict zero Covid-19 policy.

Yum China, operator of the KFC and Pizza Hut chains, said today that 1,400 of its roughly 12,400 stores in the country were temporarily closed or had to provide limited services in October due to Covid-19, up from 900 stores in September and 400 on average in July and August.

"Nationwide, consumers are travelling less and reducing expenditures," the company said in its quarterly earnings report.

"The COVID situations remain uncertain with regional outbreaks continuing to impact our operations."

For Tuesday, China reported 2,755 new local cases, the most since mid-August.

Today, shares in Nio, China's 13th-largest electric vehicle maker by sales, tumbled after it confirmed media reports that it stopped production at its two plants after struggling to cope with curbs imposed through October that saw various parts of Hefei locked down.

"Our production base was severely impacted by the pandemic in October and so deliveries to a proportion of users was delayed. For this we apologise," Nio said in a statement yesterday that showed a 7.5% fall in October deliveries from the month before.

Customers outside a KFC restaurant, operated by Yum China Holdings Inc., in Shanghai

'Is there anyone unluckier?'

While China's zero COVID-19 policy is increasingly out of step with the rest of the world, it has vowed to stay the course in the face of mounting public and business frustration by reacting to even a single case with lockdowns and mass testing.

More than 80% of major Chinese cities reported cases last month, with the spread fuelled by holiday travel and new subvariants, according to research house Gavekal Dragonomics.

"On some measures China's current Covid situation is about as bad as it has ever been," Capital Economics wrote in a note yesterday, adding that while there is little sign of major industrial disruption, the risk of getting quarantine is depressing consumer activity.

"And there's little prospect of a lasting change as long as zero-COVID remains the national goal," it said.

The European Union Chamber of Commerce in China told Reuters that China's lack of a clear exit strategy from the policy meant that the threat of lockdowns remained ever-present and a key source of uncertainty.

"I am currently in home quarantine for seven days, while the European Chamber’s Beijing office has a colleague stuck in Tianjin who, like many others currently, is finding it near impossible to travel back to the capital," its head, Joerg Wuttke, told Reuters this week.

In Shanghai, the fall-out from the shuttering of the city's Disney Resort after the visit of a single Covid-positive case continued, with affected residents going online to share notices they had received after they or someone they were in recent contact with had visited the park.

While some said on social media platforms such as Douyin and Xiaohngshu that they were sent to quarantine hotels, others said they were sent to sparsely furnished isolation rooms created from shipping containers.

"Is there anyone unluckier than me?" said Xiaohongshu user "sanmingliu", who posted photos of her shipping container room.

Reuters was unable to verify the authenticity of the posts.

Shanghai said yesterday it had tested 439,000 people in relation to the Disney resort situation.

Today, it reported finding one locally transmitted case the day before.