Moscow police said they have launched dozens of criminal probes to crack down on fake inoculation certificates, as vaccine scepticism remains stubbornly high in Russia despite soaring infection rates.

Russia's black market for falsified vaccine certificates is flourishing, largely fuelled by a mistrust of the homegrown Sputnik vaccine.

The underground trade has taken hold even as a third wave of the virus sweeps across the country, breaking national records for virus-related deaths in recent weeks.

A senior Moscow police official said 32 cases had been opened into the falsification of vaccine certificates, according to Russian news agencies.

Authorities launched a vaccination campaign in December, but so far only 18.5 million of 146 million Russians - or 13% of the population - have been fully vaccinated.

Recent polling suggests around half of Russians do not intend to get inoculated.

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In Moscow, the epicentre of the Russia's outbreak, Mayor Sergei Sobyanin recently introduced mandatory jabs for most service industry workers and introduced a QR code system for restaurant patrons recently vaccinated or recovered.

Police have also opened a case into a fake QR code.

But Mayor Sobyanin said the outbreak in capital had been "stabilising" in recent days.

"The number of new cases and hospitalisations remains very high but at least it has slightly declined from the peak levels seen a week ago," he said.

"For now, we can abstain from introducing additional restrictions," Sobyanin said Thursday.

Russia today reported 24,818 new Covid-19 cases, including 6,040 in Moscow.

The coronavirus task force also reported 734 coronavirus-related deaths in the last 24 hours, close to a record high.

Russia has confirmed 5,707,452 coronavirus cases since the pandemic began.

Russia has the highest official toll from the virus in Europe - even as it has been accused of underreporting deaths by counting only cases when coronavirus was found to be the primary cause of death after autopsy.