After weeks of staying at home, parts of Europe are tentatively opening up again, with the first phase of lifting lockdowns to start in several countries on Monday.

Here is an overview:


In Italy some construction workers and workers in factories making industrial machinery, cars and luxury goods returned to work on 27 April.

Starting Monday parks will open, with social distancing measures in place. People will be allowed to visit their relatives, in limited number.

People with masks seated apart in compliance with social distancing on a train in Turin, Italy

Restaurants will open for takeout and their full reopening will begin on 1 June, along with beauty salons and hairdressers.

All retail shops will open on 18 May, along with museums and libraries.

Italy's schools remain closed until September.


Spain on 26 April began lifting one of the world's tightest lockdowns, allowing children outside accompanied by one parent.

Yesterday, Spaniards were allowed out for exercise and to take walks under strict conditions.

From Monday, some small shops including hairdressers can receive customers individually by appointment. Bars and restaurants can sell take-away. 

Wearing masks will be mandatory on public transport.

People out walking in Madrid after outdoor exercise was permitted for the first time in Spain

In some of the small Balearic and Canary Islands, most shops, museums and the outdoor areas of bars and restaurants will reopen with limited capacity, as will hotels with conditions. 

This begins nationwide on 11 May, with cinemas and theatres due to reopen two weeks after that. 

Schools remain closed until September. 

Spaniards must limit their movements to within their province until lockdown is fully lifted.


Germany on 20 April allowed some smaller shops to reopen. Some schools will reopen on 4 May.

Hairdressers will open again. Places of worship, museums, memorials, zoos, playgrounds can also reopen, or have already done so. 

Cultural centres, bars, restaurants, playgrounds and sports stadiums remain closed, and large gatherings are banned until at least 31 August.

Wearing masks is obligatory on public transport and in shops.

People wearing face masks walk around the inner city shopping district in Dusseldorf, Germany 


Vienna has already authorised the reopening of certain non-essential businesses. 

Large food shops, hairdressers and outdoor sports facilities (tennis, golf) reopened this weekend. 

Travel restrictions have been lifted, gatherings of up to 10 people are allowed, with social distancing measures.

Restaurants are expected to reopen in mid-May. 

Wearing masks is obligatory on public transport and in shops.


Employees at businesses not open to the public will begin to return to their offices as of Monday, with the wearing of masks obligatory on public transport.

Most shops will reopen from 11 May, provided they respect social distancing measures.

Some schools will reopen on 18 May, with a maximum of 10 pupils per class.

Restaurants will being reopening from 8 June at the earliest.


Some small shops will be allowed to reopen on Monday as will hairdressers and car dealers.
Wearing face masks will be mandatory on public transport.

Members of the National Republican Guard at a checkpoint in Alcabideche, Portugal

Senior schools, museums, bars, restaurants and art galleries will open their doors once more from 18 May. Cinemas will do so on 1 June, with rules on social distancing.

Long-distance learning will remain the norm for primary and middle schools through to the end of the year.


Hotels, shopping centres, some cultural centres including libraries and certain museums will all open on Monday.

As of Wednesday, créches and children's playgrounds will be allowed to open but the local authorities in charge of them have said that the majority will remain closed.


Outdoor spaces of cafés and restaurant will reopen Monday, as will hairdressers, museums, libraries and professional sports training. 

Wearing masks will be obligatory in enclosed public places, public transport and shops.


Apart from in Budapest, outdoor spaces at cafes and restaurants will reopen on Monday, along with beaches and public baths. Professional sports training will start again.

Wearing masks will be obligatory in public transport and shops.


Some shops, museums, libraries and public transport reopened last week. 

Religious gatherings have been allowed since Saturday. 

On Monday, businesses involving close contact with customers such as hairdressers are allowed to open again. 

A volunteer sprays hand sanitizer at a church in Zagreb, Croatia

On 11 May, outdoor spaces at bars and restaurants will reopen and gatherings of up to 10 people will be allowed. Children's playgrounds and kindergartens will reopen on a voluntary basis.


On Monday cafes and restaurants will reopen with social distancing measures in place. 
Public transport, inner-city trains and buses travelling long distances will also open with the wearing of masks mandatory. 

Shopping centres will reopen on 8 May and children's playgrounds on 11 May.

Serbia's curfew will remain in place.


Nearly 10% of shuttered businesses will be allowed to reopen Monday, including hairdressers and beauty salons, libraries, electronic goods shops, sports shops and garden centres.

On 11 May all other shops will be allowed to reopen apart from shopping centres, which can open again on 1 June.

Nordic countries

In Iceland, universities, museums and hairdressers will reopen on Monday.

Denmark and Norway, which have only imposed partial confinement measures, have been among the first European countries to ease them.

Danish children became the first to go back to school on 15 April.

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