Thomson Reuters has today published its debut "Top 100 Global Technology Leaders" list with Microsoft in the number one spot. 

The company is followed by chipmaker Intel and network gear maker Cisco Systems. 

The list aims to identify the industry's top financially successful and organisationally sound organisations.

It features US tech giants such as Apple, Alphabet, International Business Machines and Texas Instruments, among its top 10. 

Microchip maker Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing, German business software giant SAP and Dublin-based consultant Accenture round out the top 10.

The remaining 90 companies are not ranked, but the list also includes the world's largest online retailer and social media giant Facebook.

The results are based on a 28-factor algorithm that measures performance across eight benchmarks - financial, management and investor confidence, risk and resilience, legal compliance, innovation, people and social responsibility, environmental impact, and reputation. 

The assessment tracks patent activity for technological innovation and sentiment in news and selected social media as the reflection of a company's public reputation. 

The set of tech companies is restricted to those that have at least $1 billion in annual revenue. 

According to the list, 45% of these 100 tech companies are headquartered in the US. 

Japan and Taiwan are tied for second place with 13 companies each, followed by India with five tech leaders on the list. 

By continent, North America leads with 47, followed by Asia with 38, Europe with 14 and Australia with one. 

The strength of Asia highlights the growth of companies such as Tencent Holdings, which became the first Asian firm to enter the club of companies worth more than $500 billion, and surpassed Facebook in market value in November.