Tesco cut its profit forecast for the third time this year today after finding a fault in its accounts, the latest blow of several to the reputation of the grocer. 

Tesco shares dropped as much as 12% in early trade after it cut its first-half profit outlook by £250m and said its previous profit warning of August 29 had overstated expected first half profit by 23%. 

The shares closed 11.6% lower in London trade this evening.

Tesco said the error - caused by an early booking of revenue and delayed recognition of costs - had been discovered during preparation for its forthcoming interim results.

Their publication has now been pushed back from October 1 to October 23 by the firm's new chief executive Dave Lewis, who said today that an "informed employee" had notified him of the accounting issue on Friday. 

Tesco said four of its employees had been placed on leave while investigations continue, and UK media outlets said that Chris Bush, the managing director of Tesco's UK business, was one of the four. 

Tesco declined to comment on this but said Robin Terrell, the firm's multi-channel director, had stepped in to run the UK business. 

"We have uncovered a serious issue and have responded accordingly. The chairman and I have acted quickly to establish a comprehensive independent investigation," Lewis said.

"The board, my colleagues, our customers and I expect Tesco to operate with integrity and transparency and we will take decisive action as the results of the investigation become clear," he added. 

Tesco said it was working to establish the extent of the issues and the impact they might have on its full-year profit.

It has appointed a new tax adviser Deloitte to undertake an independent and comprehensive review of the issues, working closely with Freshfields, its external legal advisers. Tesco's current auditor PwC, which has worked for it since 1983, declined to comment. 

The grocer said last month it expected trading profit for the six months ending August 23 to be in the region of £1.1 billion. 

Under its previous chief executive Phil Clarke, Tesco issued three profit warnings in two and a half years as it lost UK market share to fast-growing German discounters Aldi and Lidl as well as upmarket rivals Waitrose and Marks & Spencer. 

Tesco explained in today's statement that it had got its numbers wrong by overstating income and understating costs. 

"Tesco has identified an overstatement of its expected profit for the half year, principally due to the accelerated recognition of commercial income and delayed accrual of costs," it announced, adding some of the impact included "in-year timing differences". 

Accrual accounting requires that a company record its payments as soon as it places an order with its suppliers rather than when it subsequently pays for it. 

"Such an announcement is not the stuff of a well operated FTSE-100 organisation," one analyst said. 

Lewis, who succeeded the ousted Phil Clarke on September 1, is currently the firm's only executive director. Alan Stewart was named as Tesco's new chief financial officer on July 10 but does not start until December. 

With a market valuation of £18.8 billion and over 500,000 employees, Tesco had been the darling of the sector during two decades of uninterrupted earnings growth. Since the profit warnings and loss of market shares its share price had fallen to decade-lows.