The Israeli air force said it carried out overnight air strikes against sites of the Islamist movement, Hamas, in Gaza, after a rocket was fired towards Israeli territory.

The attack came as one of Gaza's larger armed factions, Islamic Jihad, threatened to retaliate after Israeli troops killed two of its leaders in the West Bank town of Jenin on Thursday.

"In response to the rocket fired toward Israeli territory, IDF fighter jets targeted overnight (Sunday) a weapons manufacturing site belonging to the Hamas terrorist organisation," the Israeli army said in a statement.

The target was a site "where the majority of the organisation's rockets in Gaza are being manufactured", it said.

Israel says fighter jets targeted a weapons manufacturing site belonging to Hamas

Israel Defense Forces also hit "a Hamas terrorist tunnel in the Southern Gaza Strip", it said.

The army said a few hours later it had targeted a Hamas military post in response to fire from Gaza against Israeli warplanes.

The armed wing of Hamas said it used anti-aircraft missiles during Israeli air strikes on Gaza.

Security sources in Gaza reported two strikes in the south of the enclave, one against a military training site in Khan Younis and the other in an uninhabited area close to Rafah.

The strikes caused no injuries, according to Palestinian medical sources.

A surge in violence in the occupied West Bank has sparked international criticism of the Israeli army for its use of lethal force against Palestinian civilians.

At least 145 Palestinians and 26 Israelis have been killed in violence in Israel and the West Bank, including annexed east Jerusalem, this year, the heaviest toll since 2015.

In August, at least 49 Palestinians were killed in three days of fighting between Israel and Palestinian militants in Gaza, which has been under Israeli blockade since 2007.