The Health Protection Surveillance Centre has issued updated guidance for people who are fully vaccinated against Covid-19.

Individuals are considered fully vaccinated against the disease as follows:

  • 15 days after the second AstraZeneca dose
  • 7 days after the second Pfizer-BioNTech dose
  • 14 days after the second Moderna dose

The HPSC states that while there is "evidence that vaccines are highly effective in protecting individuals who are fully vaccinated against symptomatic infection and severe disease, at this time, there is a lack of robust evidence on transmission of Covid-19 from fully vaccinated individuals to susceptible individuals".

It cites reports by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention as guidance for its advice.

"The evidence suggests that the risks are likely to be low if fully vaccinated persons visit each other in a household setting, without other non-vaccinated persons being present," according to the HPSC.

Its recommendations are that fully vaccinated asymptomatic people can visit other fully vaccinated asymptomatic people (from one other household only) in a household setting without wearing masks or physical distancing.

The HPSC also advises that fully vaccinated persons should not visit a household setting where there are unvaccinated persons present.

Fully vaccinated people should continue to take precautions in all other settings, such as hand hygiene, physical distancing and wearing a well-fitted mask where indicated.

Fully vaccinated people must also continue to follow all other public health restrictions along with the rest of the population.

If a fully vaccinated person has any symptoms of Covid-19 they must not visit others, including vaccinated people. They must self-isolate and seek medical assessment and testing for coronavirus.

These recommendations "do not apply if any of the vaccinated asymptomatic people have travelled internationally within the previous 14 days, or if they have had contact with a person with a variant of concern. In these circumstances, visiting is not permitted".