Pope emeritus Benedict XVI has accused opponents of wanting to "silence" him while attacking gay marriage in a new authorised biography published in Germany.
The 93-year-old claims in "Benedict XVI - A Life" that he has fallen victim to a "malignant distortion of reality" in reactions to his interventions in theological debates, according to passages published by German media and news agency DPA.
"The spectacle of reactions coming from German theology is so misguided and ill-willed that I would prefer not to speak of it," he says.
"I would rather not analyse the actual reasons why people want to silence my voice," Benedict added.
The German branch of the Catholic Church has for years been led by clergy more disposed to reform than the stringent traditionalism associated with Benedict.
In office from 2005-13, he has frequently been criticised for his attitudes to Islam or to social questions, and is accused of attempting to undermine modernisation of the church.
Benedict attempts to counter such claims in the biography, saying his "personal friendship with Pope Francis has not only endured, but grown".
In February, Benedict was drawn into a Vatican intrigue when his private secretary was removed from Francis' entourage.
Some observers had accused the former pope of back-seat driving when a book defending the hot topic of priestly celibacy appeared, bearing his name alongside that of arch-conservative Guinean cardinal Robert Sarah.
After 48 hours of controversy, Benedict asked that his name be removed from the book's cover, introduction and jointly signed conclusion.
But he has not given up intervening in social debates, offering another criticism of gay marriage in the new biography.
"A century ago, anyone would have thought it absurd to talk about homosexual marriage. Today those who oppose it are excommunicated from society," Benedict says.
"It's the same thing with abortion and creating human life in the laboratory," he believes, adding that it's "only natural" for people to "fear the spiritual power of the antichrist".