Hackers targeted the World Health Organisation earlier this month, with cyber-attacks more than doubling, according to a senior WHO official.
Chief Information Security Officer Flavio Aggio said the identity of the hackers was unclear and the efforts were unsuccessful. But he warned that hacking attempts against the agency and its partners have soared as they battle to contain the coronavirus, which has killed more than 16,500 people worldwide.
The attempted cyber-attack at the WHO was first flagged to news agency Reuters by Alexander Urbelis, a cybersecurity expert and attorney with the New York-based Blackstone Law Group, which tracks suspicious internet domain registration activity.
Urbelis said he picked up on the activity around 13 March, when a group of hackers he'd been following activated a malicious site mimicking the WHO's internal email system.
"I realised quite quickly that this was a live attack on the World Health Organisation in the midst of a pandemic," he said.
Urbelis said he didn't know who was responsible, but two other sources briefed on the matter said they suspected an advanced group of hackers known as DarkHotel, which has been conducting cyber-espionage operations since at least 2007.
Messages sent to email addresses maintained by the hackers went unreturned.
When asked by Reuters about the incident, Flavio Aggio confirmed that the fake WHO website spotted by Urbelis had been used in an attempt to steal passwords from multiple agency staff.
"There has been a big increase in targeting of the WHO and other cybersecurity incidents," Aggio said. "There are no hard numbers, but such compromise attempts against us and the use of (WHO) impersonations to target others have more than doubled."
The WHO published an alert last month warning that hackers are posing as the agency to steal money and sensitive information from the public.
And government officials in the United States, Britain and elsewhere have issued cybersecurity warnings about the dangers of a newly remote workforce as people disperse to their homes to work and study because of the coronavirus pandemic.
United Nations agencies, the WHO among them, are regularly targeted by digital espionage campaigns and Aggio said he did not know who precisely at the organisation the hackers had in their sights.
Cybersecurity firms including Romania's Bit defender and Moscow-based Kaspersky said they have traced many of DarkHotel's operations to East Asia - an area that has been particularly affected by the coronavirus.
Specific targets have included government employees and business executives in places such as China, North Korea, Japan, and the United States.
Costin Raiu, head of global research and analysis at Kaspersky, could not confirm that DarkHotel was responsible for the WHO attack but said the same malicious web infrastructure had also been used to target other healthcare and humanitarian organisations in recent weeks.
"At times like this, any information about cures or tests or vaccines relating to coronavirus would be priceless and the priority of any intelligence organisation of an affected country," he said.
Officials and cybersecurity experts have warned that hackers of all stripes are seeking to capitalise on international concern over the spread of the coronavirus.
Urbelis said he has tracked thousands of coronavirus-themed web sites being set up daily, many of them obviously malicious.
"It's still around 2,000 a day," he said. "I have never seen anything like this."