MPs have approved legislation that will allow Britain to leave the European Union on 31 January with an exit deal, ending more than three years of tumult over the terms of the unprecedented divorce.
They voted 330 to 231 in favour of the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill, which implements an exit deal agreed with the EU last year.
That allows British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to turn the page on one of Britain's deepest political crises in decades, putting an end to the fears of an immediate disorderly exit, which had cast a shadow over the economy and fuelled divisions over the 2016 referendum decision to leave the EU.
"It is time to get Brexit done. This bill does so," Brexit minister Stephen Barclay told MPs, summing up hours of debate in parliament.
The legislation now heads to the House of Lords and is expected to become law in the coming weeks, leaving enough time to allow Britain to leave at the end of the month with a deal to minimise economic disruption.
In recent years, financial markets have been mesmerised by the twists and turns of Britain's Brexit drama, with its acrimonious negotiations in Brussels, knife-edge votes in parliament and heavy defeats for unstable governments.
- More time needed to agree full deal with UK - Barnier
- Barclay insists UK will stick to Brexit timetable
- Latest Brexit stories
But after Mr Johnson called a snap election late last year and then won a large majority by promising to deliver Brexit at the end of January, the uncertainty over when and how Britain will leave the EU has largely abated.
The focus has instead turned to upcoming talks on long-term arrangements with the EU that will kick in when a transition period - during which Britain remains subject to EU rules - ends on 31 December.
Mr Johnson is adamant that the free-trade deal he wants can be negotiated in time, but his EU counterparts are less convinced.
Yesterday, he met European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen in London hours after she had made a speech saying it would be "basically impossible" to agree everything by the end of the year.
Mr Johnson's opponents, many of whom argued to stop Brexit or give the public another vote, say his approach risks creating another 'no-deal' cliff-edge at the end of the year when the transition period ends.
However, Ms Von der Leyen has indicated that even if a whole deal cannot be negotiated in time, the most important and potentially disruptive parts can be prioritised.
We need your consent to load this rte-player contentWe use rte-player to manage extra content that can set cookies on your device and collect data about your activity. Please review their details and accept them to load the content.Manage Preferences