The two main pro-independence parties in Catalonia have agreed to back former leader Carles Puigdemont as their candidate to head the region, raising the likelihood of a renewed push this year for a split from Spain.

However, the anti-independence party that won most votes in the December regional election poured scorn on the plan as Mr Puigdemont remains in self-imposed exile in Brussels and said he would be a "hologram president".

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy called the election in Catalonia last month to try to resolve Spain's worst political crisis in decades after Catalan leaders declared independence in October following a banned referendum on secession.

Pro-independence parties secured a slim majority of seats but failed to win more than 50% of the popular vote, meaning there is still no end in sight to the months-long impasse.

The political instability in Catalonia, which accounts for a fifth of Spain's economy, has deterred tourists and prompted more than 3,000 companies, including the region's two biggest banks, to move their legal headquarters elsewhere in Spain.

The new Catalan parliament will hold its first session on 17 January, the first step in reinstating the local government after Madrid fired the old regional administration, led by Mr Puigdemont, for illegally declaring independence.

The pro-independence parties ‘Together for Catalonia’ and ‘Republican Left of Catalonia’ (ERC) have said would support Mr Puigdemont's return to the top job.

"The 21 December result gave us the mandate to reflect the majority. The presidential candidate will evidently be Puigdemont," ‘Together for Catalonia’ representative Jordi Xucla told Spanish national radio.

However, if Mr Puigdemont is elected leader it is uncertain how he would govern from Brussels.

He is likely to be arrested if he returns to Spain, where he faces charges of sedition, rebellion and misuse of public funds.

Mariano Rajoy has agreed to talks on condition the region drop its independence push

Ines Arrimadas, the leader of Ciudadanos, which wants Catalonia to remain part of Spain, said a fugitive from justice could not be lead the region.

"You can't have a hologram president in Catalonia," she said in a television interview. "You can't be president of Catalonia from Brussels by Skype."

Once the Catalan parliament is formed, potential leaders of the regional government will put themselves forward for a vote of confidence.

However, it could take months for a new government to emerge.

Many of the Catalan political leaders were arrested on charges of sedition and rebellion after the independence declaration.

Three are still behind bars pending a trial, while Mr Puigdemont, with four of his cabinet members, fled to Brussels.

The other main potential candidate to represent the pro-independence parties would be ERC leader Oriol Junqueras, who is serving a custodial sentence in a Madrid jail.

Mr Junqueras has asked for release from jail to attend the first meeting of the new Catalan parliament.

In an editorial published on the Politico news website, Mr Puigdemont reiterated his call for talks with Madrid, which Mr Rajoy has tentatively agreed to but on condition that the region drop its push for independence.

"Madrid must be made to understand that what is needed is dialogue, negotiation and agreement on the future relationship we Catalans want to have with Spain - one based on respect, recognition, cooperation and equality," Mr Puigdemont wrote.