Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas will not meet US Vice President Mike Pence during Mr Pence's visit to the region this month, in a snub over the US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, the Palestinian Foreign Minister said today.
Violence erupted for a third day in Gaza in response to US President Donald Trump's announcement on Wednesday, which overturned decades of US policy towards the Middle East.
Israeli air strikes killed two Palestinian gunmen today after militants fired rockets from the enclave into Israel yesterday, which had been declared a "day of rage" by Palestinian factions.
Mr Trump's recognition of Jerusalem has infuriated the Arab world and upset Western allies, who say it is a blow to peace efforts and risks sparking more violence in the region.
Meanwhile, Lebanon's Foreign Minister Gebran Bassil said that Arab nations should consider imposing economic sanctions against the United States to prevent it moving its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.
"Pre-emptive measures (must be) taken against the decision... beginning with diplomatic measures, then political, then economic and financial sanctions," Mr Bassil said at a meeting of foreign ministers at the Arab League in Cairo.
Israel says all of Jerusalem is its capital. Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of a future independent state.
Most countries consider East Jerusalem, which Israel annexed after capturing it in a 1967 war, to be occupied territory, and say the status of the city should be left to be decided at future Israeli-Palestinian talks.
The Trump administration says it is still committed to Palestinian-Israeli talks, that Israel's capital would be in Jerusalem under any serious peace plan, and that it has not taken a position on the city's borders. It says the moribund negotiations can be revived only by ditching outdated policies.
Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki said the Palestinians will be looking for a new peace talks broker instead of the United States and would seek a UN Security Council resolution over Mr Trump's decision.
"We will seek a new mediator from our Arab brothers and the international community," Mr Maliki told reporters in Cairo before an Arab League meeting to discuss Mr Trump's Jerusalem decision.
A Turkish presidential source said Turkey's President Tayyip Erdogan and French President Emmanuel Macron will work together to try to persuade the United States to reconsider the move.
A possible meeting with Mr Pence has also been turned down by Egypt's Coptic Church, MENA state news agency reported.
White House officials could not immediately be reached for comment and state department officials did not immediately respond to requests for comment. Palestinian officials said Mr Pence had been due to meet Mr Abbas on 19 December.
Mr Trump's adviser and son-in-law, Jared Kushner, is leading efforts to restart negotiations, though his bid has shown little public progress so far.
Two men killed in air strikes belonged to Hamas
Palestinian militants launched at least three rockets towards Israeli towns from Gaza after dark yesterday and Israel said it responded with air strikes that targeted a weapons depot, a military compound and two weapons manufacturing facilities.
Hamas, which controls Gaza, confirmed the two men killed in the pre-dawn strikes belonged to the group, which has urged Palestinians to keep up the confrontation with Israeli forces.
However, Palestinian protests today were less intense than on the previous two days. About 60 Palestinian youths threw stones at Israeli soldiers across the Gaza-Israel border and the health ministry said at least 10 were wounded by Israeli fire.
In the occupied West Bank, Palestinians set fire to tyres and threw stones and fire-bombs at Israeli troops, who responded with tear gas, water cannons, rubber bullets and, in a few instances, live fire. The Israeli military said one protester was arrested.
In East Jerusalem about 60 people demonstrated near the walled Old City, where paramilitary border police and officers on horseback tried to disperse the crowd with tear gas. Thirteen demonstrators were arrested and four officers were lightly injured by stones, police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said.