Volkswagen will plead guilty to three criminal charges and pay a total $4.3 billion in fines to settle the emissions cheating scandal known as "dieselgate," US officials have announced.
The Justice Department also charged six Volkswagen executives deemed responsible for the conspiracy, five of whom are believed to be in Germany while one was arrested in Miami on Saturday.
The US Justice Department charged VW with conspiracy to defraud the US and violate the Clean Air Act for using defeat devices on its diesel vehicles that evaded emissions standards.
The company will pay $2.8 billion in criminal fines, and $1.5 billion in civil fines. That is in addition to $17.5 billion already agreed in settlements with car owners, dealers and for environmental clean up.
Attorney General Loretta Lynch said the size of the penalty reflects the unusual level of premeditation of wrongdoing at high levels of Volkswagen.
"The knowledge and choices they made went to the executive levels and that did set it apart from other companies," she said.
The six VW executives believed to be in Germany were identified as Heinz-Jakob Neusser, Jens Hadler, Richard Dorenkamp, Bernd Gottweis and Jurgen Peter. All are described as head of divisions or supervisors.
On Monday, Oliver Schmidt was arraigned in a US court in Miami following his arrest upon visiting the US.
Lynch said it was "too early to predict" how US officials might work with their German counterparts to bring the other executives to justice. She said the investigation could extend to other individuals.
The settlement requires the German automaker to cooperate with the Justice Department on its ongoing prosecutors of the executives.