Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has appealed for a "clear mandate" from voters after calling a snap election which will take place in March.
Opinion polls show the right-wing leader is on track for a fourth term.
A day after Mr Netanyahu sacked centrist members of his feuding coalition, faction leaders in parliament agreed on a March 17 date for the election and MPs approved the Knesset's dissolution in a preliminary vote.
Two opinion polls issued predicted Mr Netanyahu's Likud would emerge as the largest party, but short of an outright majority in the 120-seat Knesset, if the national ballot was held now.
That would leave Mr Netanyahu well-positioned to form what would likely be the most right-wing government in Israel's 66-year history, comprised of his current ultra-nationalist partners and possible Orthodox Jewish allies, and devoid of now alienated moderates.
Mr Netanyahu's five-party administration, which took office only last year, had been unravelling over an array of issues, including the 2015 budget and a Jewish nation-state bill that critics say discriminates against Arab citizens.
"The coming election is about one question - who will lead the country in the face of the tremendous challenges facing Israel - security, economic, regional," Mr Netanyahu said.
He appealed against the kind of split in right-wing voting in the previous election in January 2013 that left Likud with 18 seats in parliament compared with the 13 and 12 captured by two ultra-nationalist parties that subsequently joined his coalition.
"Whoever wants to give a clear mandate to lead the country to a prime minister from Likud needs to give many votes to Likud," Mr Netanyahu said.
"That is the main lesson of our experience from the past years. That is the challenge for this election campaign."
Israel had not been due to hold an election until 2017, but Mr Netanyahu, accusing Finance Minister Yair Lapid and Justice Minister Tzipi Livni of undermining him, dismissed them yesterday and announced he wanted to dissolve parliament "as soon as possible".
Once a final vote on dissolving the legislature is held next week, Mr Netanyahu will lead a now-minority government until a new administration is sworn in after the election.
Mr Lapid and Ms Livni had been battling against the right-wingers that predominate in the cabinet and an internationally condemned policy of promoting Jewish settlement on occupied land Palestinians seek for a state.
Ms Livni said the coming election would be a test of Israelis' will to defeat "extremism".
Mr Lapid, a former television chat show host whose newly formed Yesh Atid party came in a surprise second in 2013, fell out with Mr Netanyahu over tax exemptions for first-time home buyers.