Forty-three people have died after a Russian jet carrying an ice hockey team crashed on take-off, leaving only on survivor.

The chartered Yak-42 passenger jet took off from Yaroslavl airport some 300km northeast of Moscow.

A source told Interfax that the plane suddenly started listing to the left and crashed about 500 metres away from the Tunoshna airport.

"According to the latest data, there were 45 people on board - 37 passengers and eight crew," a police official told the RIA Novosti news agency.

Two people survived and were hospitalised, Emergencies Ministry official Sergei Miroshnichenko said.

The local emergencies ministry said the jet was taking members of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl ice hockey team to the Belarus capital, Minsk, for their first match of the 2011-2012 season.

The team is trained by Canada's Brad McCrimmon - a former assistant coach with the NHL's Detroit Red Wings - and has several foreign players on the roster posted on its website.

The Swedish embassy said that one of its nationals, a hockey goalie, had been killed in the crash.

Russia has experienced another summer full of mishaps that have for the first time also seriously impacted the country's once-proud space programme.

Two accidents involving Tu-134 and An-24 jets this summer - killing a total of 54 people - prompted Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to call for most of the aircraft to be retired by 1 January and the rest taken out in subsequent months.

But that move was followed by a series of smaller air accidents, as well as a Volga River boat disaster that killed 122 people who were taking a pleasure cruise.

In addition, a series of space launches have prompted Russia to ground its most famous rockets in a move that now threatens to leave the International Space Station abandoned for the first time in 10 years.