At least 60 people were killed, Manila was blacked out and flights were suspended as a powerful typhoon battered the main Philippines island of Luzon.
President Gloria Arroyo appealed for donations of clothes, blankets, food and water as hundreds of families perched on rooftops were trapped in submerged areas, waiting for rescue.
At least 47 people were killed, mostly by drowning, in Rizal province, east of Manila, radio reports quoted the local governor as saying.
Eleven more people were killed by collapsing walls and rising floodwaters in the capital area, disaster officials said.
Authorities shut down operations at international and domestic airports, stranding thousands of passengers. An advisory said operations would not resume until Sunday.
The typhoon was moving west-northwest and was expected to head towards the South China Sea by Sunday evening or Monday morning, chief weather forecaster Nathaniel Cruz told a local radio station.
He said the typhoon brought the heaviest rainfall in the country since 1967 after its weather station collected 341mm of rainfall in six hours.