Ceremonies have been held in Rwanda to commemorate the estimated 800,000 genocide victims who were slaughtered by Hutu militias ten years ago.

The United Nations designated today as an international day of reflection on the killing of Tutsis and Hutu moderates by Hutu extremists in the central African state over a period of 100 days in 1994.

The Minister for Foreign Affairs, Brian Cowen, represented the European Union at ceremonies in Rwanda to mark the anniversary.

The main ceremony took place in the capital Kigali's national stadium, where a 250,000 capacity crowd heard an address from the country's President, Paul Kagame.

In Geneva, the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan led a global
admission of guilt over the failure to stop the genocide.

Mr Annan said it should never have happened and announced an action plan to prevent such horrors occurring again.